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Allergies are your body’s reaction to a substance it views as a harmful invader.







What's the real meaning of allergies?

Allergies are your body’s reaction to a substance it views as a harmful invader.


For example:-

coming into contact with what is normally a harmless substance, such as pollen, might cause your immune system (your body’s defense system) to react.


Substances that cause these reactions are called allergens.


What's the Allergy?

A condition in which the immune system reacts abnormally to a foreign substance.


What's the Drug allergy?

An abnormal reaction of the immune system to a medication.


What's the Food allergies?

An unpleasant or dangerous immune system reaction after a certain food is eaten.


What's the Contact dermatitis?

A skin rash caused by contact with a certain substance.


What's the Latex allergy?

An allergic reaction to certain proteins found in natural rubber latex.


What's the Allergic asthma?

Asthma triggered by exposure to the same substances that trigger allergy symptoms.


What's the Seasonal allergies?

An allergic response causing itchy, watery eyes, sneezing and other similar symptoms.


What's the Animal allergy?

An abnormal immune reaction to proteins in an animal's skin cells, saliva or urine.


What's the Anaphylaxis?

A severe, potentially life-threatening allergic reaction.


What's the Allergy to mold?

An abnormal allergic reaction to mould spores.



Note:- For informational purposes only. Consult your local medical authority for advice.


What's the allergy symptoms?

~Sneezing and itchy, stuffy or runny nose(allergic rhinitis).

~Itchy around the nose, mouth, eyes or roof of mouth.

~Itchy, red, watery or swollen eyes (allergic conjunctivitis).

~Facial swelling, swollen lips, tongue (angioedema).

~Itchy skin.

~Skin rashes (allergic contact dermatitis, eczema).

~Hives.

~Cough.


What's the 4 types of allergies?

When your body is hypersensitive to certain stimuli, its negative response can be classified into four distinct types of allergic reaction.


anaphylactic, ​​cytotoxic, immunocomplex, or cell-mediated. Each one is triggered in different ways and can manifest differently in each person.


What are the types of allergies and how are they treated?

You can be allergic to a wide variety of substances including pollen, animal dander, mold and dust mites.


What's the Pollen allergies?

Seasonal allergic rhinitis, or hay fever, is an allergic response to pollen.






What's causes the Pollen allergies?

It causes inflammation and swelling of the lining of your nose and of the protective tissue of your eyes (conjunctiva).


What's the symptoms?

Symptoms include sneezing, congestion (feeling stuffy), and itchy, watery eyes, nose and mouth.


Treatment options include over the counter and prescription oral antihistamines, anti-leukotrienes, nasal steroids, nasal antihistamines, and nasal cromolyn.


In some people, allergic asthma symptoms (wheezing, shortness of breath, coughing, and/ or chest tightness) can be caused by exposure to pollen.


Your symptoms can be reduced by avoiding pollen. Stay indoors when pollen counts are high, close your windows, and use air conditioning.


Ask your healthcare provider about immunotherapy (allergy shots) to treat pollen allergy.


What's the Dust mites?

Dust mites are tiny organisms that live in dust and in the fibers of household objects, such as pillows, mattresses, carpet, and upholstery. Dust mites grow in warm, humid areas.


The symptoms of dust mite allergy are similar to those of pollen allergy. To help manage dust mite allergies, try using dust mite encasements (airtight plastic/polyurethane covers) over pillows, mattresses, and box springs.


Also, remove carpet, or vacuum frequently with a high-efficiency filter vacuum cleaner. Treatment may include medications to control your nasal/eye and chest symptoms.


Immunotherapy may be recommended if your symptoms are not adequately controlled with avoidance methods and medications.


What's the Molds allergies?

Molds are tiny fungi (like Penicillium) with spores that float in the air like pollen. Mold is a common trigger for allergies.


Mold can be found indoors in damp areas, such as the basement, kitchen, or bathroom, as well as outdoors in grass, leaf piles, hay, mulch or under mushrooms.


Mold spores reach a peak during hot, humid weather.


Treatment may include medications to control your nasal/eye and chest symptoms.



Immunotherapy may be recommended if your symptoms are not adequately controlled with avoidance and medications.


What's the Animal dander allergies?

Allergic reactions can be caused by the proteins secreted by sweat glands in an animal’s skin, which are shed in dander, and by the proteins in an animal’s saliva.


Avoidance measures don’t work as well as simply removing the pet from your home.


However, because many people are reluctant to do this, second-best measures include keeping your pet out of your bedroom, using air cleaners with HEPA filtration and washing your pet (cat or dog) frequently.


Treatment may include medications to control your nasal/eye and chest symptoms.


Immunotherapy may be recommended if your symptoms are not adequately controlled with avoidance methods and medications.


What's the Latex allergies?

Some people develop a latex allergy after repeated contact with latex.


Rubber gloves, such as those used in surgery or home cleaning, are a major source for causing this type of reaction.


Skin rash, hives, eye tearing and irritation, wheezing and itching of the skin may occur if you have a latex allergy.


Allergic reactions to latex can be mild, such as skin redness and itching.


More severe reactions can occur if your mucosal membranes are exposed, such as during an operation or a dental or gynecologic exam.


What's the treatment of latex allergies?

Treatment of latex reactions begins by removing the offending latex product.





If you have latex allergy, it is important for you to wear a Medic Alert bracelet and carry an emergency epinephrine kit.


All procedures should be carried out in a “latex-safe” fashion. There is no cure for latex allergy, so the best treatment for this condition is prevention and avoidance.


What's the Certain foods allergies?

Food allergies develop when your body develops a specific antibody to a specific food.


An allergic reaction occurs within minutes of eating the food, and symptoms can be severe. In adults, the most common food allergies are shellfish, peanuts and tree nuts.


In children, they include milk, egg, soy, wheat, shellfish, peanuts and tree nuts.


What's the symptoms of food allergy?

If you have a food allergy, your symptoms include itching, hives, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, breathing difficulties and swelling around your mouth.


It is extremely important to avoid the foods that cause allergy symptoms. If you (or your child) have a food allergy.


your doctor may prescribe injectable epinephrine (adrenaline) for you to carry at all times. This is needed in case you accidentally eat foods that cause allergies.


There are new therapies for peanut allergies called oral immunotherapy.


What's the Insect venom (stings)?

If you get a bee sting, a normal reaction includes pain, swelling and redness around the sting site.


A large, local reaction includes swelling that extends beyond the sting site. For example, if you are stung on the ankle, you may see swelling in your leg.


What's the symptoms of insect sting?

The most serious reaction to an insect sting is an allergic one, which needs immediate medical attention. Symptoms of an allergic reaction to an insect sting include. Difficulty breathing, Wheezing or difficulty swallowing, Restlessness and anxiety, Dizziness or a sharp drop in your blood pressure.


What's the Difficulty breathing?

Generalized (widespread) hives that appear as a red, itchy rash that spreads to areas other than the area that was stung.


~Swelling of your face, throat or mouth tissue.

~Dizziness or a sharp drop in your blood pressure.

~Wheezing or difficulty swallowing.

~Restlessness and anxiety.

~Rapid pulse.

~Dizziness or a sharp drop in your blood pressure.

~If you have a reaction like this, a resting can cause a serious reaction that can be life threatening.



What's the epinephrine?

An allergic reaction is treated with epinephrine (adrenaline).


If you’ve had an allergic reaction to bee stings, see a board-certified allergy/immunologist to get a skin and/or blood test to confirm your allergy to bee venom.


What's the Venom immunotherapy?

Venom immunotherapy is recommended if venom allergy is confirmed. This will help reduce the possibility that a re-sting will cause a serious reaction.


What's the main causes of allergic rhinitis?

Nasal allergy symptoms and hay fever are referred to as allergic rhinitis.


Seasonal allergic rhinitis is nasal allergies that change with the seasons because of pollen from plants (trees, grasses, or weeds).


Seasonal symptoms arise during the pollinating seasons for particular plants. Because you can be allergic to more than one thing, your symptoms may get worse at different times throughout the year, or may be constant.


Why everyone get allergies?

Most allergies are inherited, which means they are passed on to children by their parents.


People inherit a tendency to be allergic, although not to any specific allergen. If your child develops an allergy, it is very likely that you or your partner has allergies.


What's the symptoms of allergies?

Allergy symptoms are classified as mild, moderate or severe.


What's the symptoms of Mild allergies?

Mild reactions include local symptoms (affecting a specific area of your body) such as a rash or hives, itchiness, watery/red eyes, hay fever and runny nose. Mild reactions do not spread to other parts of your body.


What's the symptoms of Moderate allergies?

Moderate reactions include symptoms that spread to other parts of your body.


Symptoms may include itchiness, hives, and/or swelling and trouble breathing.


A severe allergic reaction, known as anaphylaxis, is a rare, life-threatening emergency in which your body’s response to the allergen is sudden and affects the whole body.



Anaphylaxis may begin with severe itching of your eyes or face.


Within minutes, more serious symptoms appear, including throat swelling (which could cause problems with swallowing and breathing), abdominal pain, cramps, vomiting, diarrhea, hives and swelling (angioedema).


You may also have mental confusion or dizziness, since anaphylaxis may cause a drop in blood pressure.


What's the allergies diagnosed?

If you think you have allergies, don't wait to see if your symptoms go away.


When your symptoms last longer than a week or two and tend to come back, make an appointment with an allergy/immunology specialist.


Allergy skin testing may be used to identify the allergens that are causing your allergy symptoms.


The test is performed by pricking your skin with an extract of an allergen, and then checking your skin’s reaction.


If a skin test can’t be performed, blood work may be obtained. This test is not as sensitive as a skin test.


The test evaluates the number of antibodies produced by your immune system. Higher levels of certain antibodies suggest possible allergy to that allergen.



























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