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Biography: Maulana Abul Kalam Azad & real name was Abul Kalam Ghulam Muhiyuddin.




Born: Maulana Abul Kalam Azad Died on November 11, 1888: February 22, 1958 Honors: started a weekly journal called Al Hilal to get more Muslims to join the revolution; elected as President of the Congress in 1923 and 1940; became the first education minister of independent India. Abul Kalam Ghulam Muhiyuddin was the real name of Maulana Abul Kalam Azad. He was commonly referred to as Maulana Azad. One of the most important figures in the Indian struggle for freedom was Maulana Abul Kalam Azad. He was also a well-known poet and scholar. Maulana Azad knew a lot of languages, including Hindi, Persian, Bengali, Arabic, English, and Urdu. As indicated by his name, Abul Kalam, which literally translates to "lord of dialogue," Maulana Azad was an excellent debater. As a sign of his mental liberation from a narrow perspective on religion and life, he took on the pen name "Azad." India's first independent education minister was Maulana Azad. In 1992, Maulana Abul Kalam Azad received India's highest civilian honor, the Bharat Ratna, in recognition of his significant contributions to the country. On November 11, 1888, Maulana Abul Kalam Azad was born in Mecca. During Babar's time, his ancestors came from Herat, an Afghan city. Azad came from a long line of eminent Muslim scholars known as maulanas. His Arab mother was the daughter of Sheikh Mohammad Zaher Watri, and his Bengali Muslim father, Maulana Khairuddin, was of Afghan descent. Khairuddin left India during the Sepoy Rebellion and continued to Mecca and settled there. In 1890, he returned to Calcutta with his family. Azad was required to complete a traditional Islamic education due to his traditional family background. He received instruction at home from both his father and appointed specialists in their respective fields. Before moving on to philosophy, geometry, mathematics, and algebra, Azad first studied Persian and Arabic. He likewise scholarly English, world history, and legislative issues through self review. Azad was educated and trained to become a priest. He composed many works, rethinking the Blessed Quran. He rejected Taqliq, or the tradition of conformity, and accepted the principle of Tajdid, or innovation, because of his knowledge. He became interested in Jamaluddin Afghani's pan-Islamic teachings and Sir Syed Ahmed Khan's Aligarh philosophy. He traveled to Afghanistan, Iraq, Egypt, Syria, and Turkey with a pan-Islamic spirit. He met the revolutionaries in exile fighting for a constitutional government in Iran in Iraq. He met Saeed Pasha, Shaikh Muhammad Abduh, and other Arab revolutionary activists in Egypt. He was familiar with the ideals and spirit of the Young Turks in Constantinople firsthand. This large number of contacts transformed him into a patriot progressive. Azad joined the revolutionary movement against British rule after meeting Aurobindo Ghosh and Sri Shyam Shundar Chakravarty upon his return from his trip abroad. Azad discovered that Bengal and Bihar were the only places where revolutionary activities took place. Within two years, Maulana Abul Kalam Azad contributed to the establishment of covert revolutionary centers throughout Bombay and northern India. The majority of his revolutionaries at that time were anti-Muslim because they believed that the British government was using the Muslim community to hinder India's struggle for freedom. Maulana Abul Kalam Azad made an effort to persuade his coworkers to stop being hostile toward Muslims.



Maulana Abul Kalam Azad started the weekly Urdu journal Al Hilal in 1912 to get more Muslims to join the revolution. Al-Hilal assumed a significant part in producing Hindu-Muslim solidarity after the ill will made between the two networks in the fallout of Morley-Minto changes. Al Hilal evolved into a revolutionary voice for extremist views. Al Hilal was viewed as a propagator of secessionist ideas by the government, so it outlawed it in 1914. After that, Maulana Azad started another weekly called Al-Balagh with the same goal of spreading revolutionary ideas based on Hindu-Muslim unity and Indian nationalism. This newspaper was also banned by the government in 1916, and Maulana Abul Kalam Azad was kicked out of Calcutta and imprisoned in Ranchi until he was freed in 1920 following the First World War. After his delivery, Azad energized the Muslim people group through the Khilafat Development. The movement's objective was to restore the Khalifa as head of the British-controlled Turkey. Maulana Azad joined the Indian National Congress in 1920 and supported Gandhiji's Non-Cooperation Movement. In the special Congress session held in Delhi in 1923, he was elected president. Maulana Azad was again captured in 1930 for infringement of the salt regulations as a feature of Gandhiji's Salt Satyagraha. He was imprisoned for a year and a half in Meerut. In 1940 (Ramgarh), Maulana Azad was elected president of the Congress, and he held that position until 1946. He was a firm proponent of a confederation of autonomous provinces with their own constitutions but a common economy and defense and opposed partition. His dream of a unified nation in which Hindus and Muslims could coexist and prosper together was shattered by Partition. From 1947 to 1958, Maulana Abul Kalam Azad was the Minister of Education in Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru's cabinet. He passed away on February 22, 1958, from a stroke.



Frequently Asked Questions: Why was Abul Kalam Azad famous? After the conflict Azad was one of the Indian chiefs who haggled for Indian autonomy with the English. While strongly opposing the division of British India into independent India and Pakistan, he tirelessly advocated for a single, Hindu-Muslim India. Why did Abul Kalam Azad go by the name Maulana? He was appointed the Indian government's First Minister of Education following India's independence. He is generally recognized as Maulana Azad; Maulana is an honorific that means "Our Master," and Azad (Free) was his pen name. What qualifications did Maulana Abul Kalam Azad possess? Maulana Abul Kalam Azad, the first Union Minister of Education in an independent India, was a journalist, freedom fighter, and self-taught homeschooler. He was fluent in Arabic, Bengali, Persian, and English, among other languages. Who was India's first education minister? Indian scholar Abul Kalam Muhiyuddin Ahmed Azad was a senior political figure in the Indian independence movement. He became the first Minister of Education in the Indian government following India's independence. Does Maulana Abdul Kalam fight for freedom? India's first independent education minister was Maulana Abul Kalam Azad, whose birthday is November 11 and is recognized as National Education Day. Learn more about his life by reading. Education advocate, freedom fighter, politician, and journalist Maulana Abul Kalam Azad Is Abdul Kalam a political dissident? Throughout history, Maulana Abul Kalam Azad has remained the most well-known Muslim Indian freedom fighter. He was an important part of the congress's freedom struggle and was thought to be very close to Gandhi and Nehru.

































































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