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Chakravarthi Rajagopalachari was born on December 10, 1878, and passed away on December 25, 1972.




Chakravarthi Rajagopalachari was born on December 10, 1878, and passed away on December 25, 1972. His accomplishments include being a prominent lawyer, author, and statesman of India during the independence struggle. He was elected the second governor-general of India following the country's independence. He was a prominent member of the Indian National Congress. Rajaji was appointed chief minister of the Indian state of Madras as a result.


Chakravarthi Rajagopalachari, who was more famous as Rajaji or C. Rajagopalachari, was a well-extremely known legal counselor, essayist and legislator of India. Rajaji was appointed chief minister of the Indian state of Madras following his election as India's second governor-general following its independence. Peruse on about the life story of C. Rajagopalachari, whose interest in legislative issues began at beginning of the 1900s. He was immensely dazzled on gathering Congress fanatic, Bal Gangadhar Tilak and, surprisingly, hit a decent connection with his supporter, V. O. Chidambaram Pillai.


Rajaji decided to follow Mahatma Gandhi when he returned from South Africa in 1919. When C. Rajagopalachari was made general secretary of the Congress in 1921, he had the chance to meet other leaders like Vallabhbhai Patel, Jawaharlal Nehru, Maulana Azad, Rajendra Prasad, and others. Rajaji achieved a steady rise to power and was even regarded as Gandhiji's successor. He imparted close family relationship to Jawaharlal Nehru and Sardar Patel as well, in spite of the distinction in their perspectives. Later, Rajaji and Nehru had disagreements, but they still greatly respected one another.


Being among the five most significant forerunners in the Indian Public Congress, C. Rajagopalachari assumed a vital part in the existence history of this party. From 1919 to 1942, Rajaji served as a member of its Working Committee, and again from 1950 to 1955. Rajaji was a member of Congress for roughly half a century, but he was never elected president. In the year 1932, nonetheless, he was picked as the acting leader of the Congress and assumed significant part in figuring out the Poona Agreement with Ambedkar. Later, when Gandhiji and Nehru repeatedly asked him to lead the Congress, he declined.


Potentially, Rajaji was among the underlying Congress pioneers during 1940s to acknowledge the right of Muslims to self-assurance. He even devised a means by which the two nations could cooperate in defense and communication. However, this thought was disposed of by Ali Jinnah and furthermore some Congress chiefs. Rajaji was well-known for always upholding his political ideals and never hesitated to disagree with his closest allies, even in public.


C Rajagopalachari's early life C Rajagopalachari, also referred to as Rajaji or C.R., was born on December 10, 1878, in Thorapalli Agraharam, Krishnagiri District, Tamil Nadu.

Chakravarti Venkataryan was Thorapalli's munsiff. In addition to Rajagopalachari, he and his wife Singaramma had two other sons.

Rajagopalachari passed his matriculation exam in 1891 after attending elementary schools in Hosur and Thorapalli.

He graduated from Central College in Bangalore with a BA in arts in 1894. He received his law degree from Madras' Presidency College in 1897.

In 1900, he began his legal career in Salem, Tamil Nadu. That was the moment that sparked his interest in society and politics. He joined the Salem Municipality in 1911 and became a member of it. From 1917 to 1919, he also served as its chairman. Rajagopalachari played a significant role in the municipality's first Dalit member's election during his time as chairman.










Contribution to the War for Independence He joined the Indian National Congress and attended the Calcutta session in 1906.

He became more involved in national politics after that. He participated in the counter Rowlatt Act disturbances.

Rajagopalachari became a devoted follower of Mahatma Gandhi when he joined the independence movement.

He stopped practicing law and joined the non-cooperation movement.

He became the party's General Secretary in 1921.

He drove the gathering of 'No transformers' in the Congress Party who were against passage into the Royal and the commonplace authoritative boards.

Additionally, he participated in the Vaikkom Satyagraha.

During the 1930s, Rajagopalachari turned into a forerunner in the Tamil Nadu Congress. Rajagopalachari defied the salt laws by participating in a similar march at Vedaranyam while Gandhi was leading the Dandi March in 1930. He was arrested for this.

He was then appointed to the position of President of the Tamil Nadu Congress Committee.

Rajagopalachari became the first Premier of the Madras Presidency following the INC's victory in the 1937 elections.




He signed the Temple Entry Authorization and Indemnity Act of 1939 while he was premier, which allowed Dalits to enter Hindu temples.

Additionally, he enacted legislation to alleviate the state's farmers' debt from agricultural loans.

Additionally, he implemented Gandhi's Nai Talim education program, which he was criticized for due to casteist motivations. Maybe the best-recalled feature of Rajagopalachari's administration in Madras was the presentation of Hindi as a necessary subject in schools. In addition to contributing to his unpopularity in Madras, this was met with widespread protests and agitations against Hindis.

The protests turned violent, leading to the deaths of two individuals. In 1940, the law was repealed by the governor. Regardless of the reprimands, students of history consider Rajagopalachari-drove Madras as quite possibly of the best-managed territory in English India.

When the Viceroy declared India to be a party to the Second World War without properly consulting Indians, C.R. resigned as premier. He was captured in December 1940.

In any case, he varied with Gandhi on the issue of the Quit India Development. He believed that engaging in conversation with the British would be advantageous and that remaining neutral in the war would be detrimental in the event of a German invasion.

In addition, he proposed the C.R. Formula as a means of breaking the impasse between the INC and the Muslim League regarding the issue of partition.

Post Freedom

From 1946 to 1947, he was the Priest of Industry, Supply, Training and Money in Jawaharlal Nehru's Break government.

He was made the first Governor of West Bengal in 1947.

He was appointed Acting Governor-General of India in the absence of Lord Mountbatten, who was on leave to England for a personal engagement, for a few days in November 1947.

He was India's Governor-General from June 1948 to January 26, 1950. He was the last and simply Indian to hold that office.

From December 1950 on, he also held the position of Home Affairs Minister for ten months.

He resigned as minister and returned to Madras during this time due to disagreements with Nehru.

He was named the Main Clergyman of Madras State in 1952 in spite of the Congress being diminished to a minority in the gathering, and the legislative leader of the state was condemned for this move. During his time as chief minister, there was a strong push for an independent Andhra state. Rajagopalachari was unaware that Potti Sriramulu was fasting and refused to relent. Sriramulu passed on because of the fasting setting off far reaching riots in Madras city and in the Telugu-talking regions. At long last, Andhra state was made in 1953.

His administration turned out to be further disagreeable when he presented the questionable Adjusted Arrangement of Rudimentary Schooling. In 1954, he eventually resigned as CM.

He resigned from the Congress Party in 1957. He co-founded the Swatantra Party in 1959 with Minoo Masani and Murari Vaidya. He supported liberal policies and opposed the Congress' leftist leanings led by Nehru. He was not for Soviet-style communism and furthermore begat the term 'Permit license Raj'.

Rajagopalachari opposed the adoption of Hindi as the official language of the Indian government in 1965, along with other leaders like Periyar and Annadurai.

His Swatantra party defeated the Congress in Madras for the first time in 30 years in 1967 after forming an alliance with the DMK and Forward Bloc. At that time, CN Annadurai was made CM.

His party additionally arose as the single biggest resistance in the Lok Sabha in the 1967 decisions.

In November 1972, his health began to deteriorate, and on December 25, 1972, at the age of 94, he passed away.

In 1955, he was given the Bharat Ratna. Gandhi referred to him as "my conscience keeper."

He was a productive essayist and has a few books shockingly in both Tamil and English. Children continue to read his shortened English versions of the Mahabharata and Ramayana. He published a number of academic papers on Hinduism.

The Thirukkural was also translated into English by him. In Tamil, he also wrote about Socrates. He was granted the Sahitya Akademi Grant in 1958. In addition to writing books, he also wrote music, writing at least a few well-known songs that are still performed in Carnatic concerts today.






The most important facts about Chakravarti Rajagopalachari are as follows: Chakravarti Rajagopalachari, more commonly referred to as Rajaji, was born on December 10th, 1878.

He concentrated on regulation from the Administration School in Madras (presently Chennai), and started practice in Salem in the year 1900.

He established the Tamil Scientific Terms Society in 1916, which translated scientific terms used in chemistry, physics, mathematics, biology, and astronomy into understandable Tamil.

In 1917, he was appointed chairperson of the Salem municipality, where he remained for two years.

He received India's highest civilian honor, the Bharat Ratna, in 1955.

On December 25, 1972, he passed away.


CAREER IN POLITICS:

Pre-independence:

He enlisted in the Indian Public Congress and went about as a legitimate counselor.

In 1917, he stood by Indian Independence activist P. Varadarajulu Naidu when he was accused of sedition.

In 1937, he was chosen to serve as the first premier of the Madras Presidency.

The Madras Temple Entry Authorization and Indemnity Act was enacted in 1939 by Rajagopalachari to end caste discrimination and untouchability.

After the Madras Sanctuary Passage Authorisation Dalits were permitted to enter inside sanctuaries.

He was given the position of Governor of West Bengal at the time of Partition.

Rajagopalachari was selected to hold the position for a brief period of time in 1947 while Lord Mountbatten, the final British viceroy and the first Governor General of independent India, was absent.

In this way he was the last lead representative general of India.


POST-INDEPENDENCE:

Rajagopalachari took over as the main priest of Madras in April 1952.

He actively contributed to the improvement of society and the education system during his time as chief minister of Madras.

Additionally, he made Hindi a required subject in Tamil schools.

His move prompted challenges him, following which Rajagopalachari surrendered as the CM.

Despite being a social conservative, he was in favor of a free market economy.

He wanted to bring the Varna method back into society.

He thought religion was important to society.

After Sardar Patel's death in 1950, Rajagopalachari was promoted to the position of Home Affairs Minister.

He founded the Swatantra Party and resigned from the Indian National Congress in 1959.


PARTY IN THE FIGHT FOR FREEDOM:

Movement of Non-Cooperation: He participated in Gandhi's Non-Cooperation Movement and had his first encounter with Mahatma Gandhi in 1919 in Madras, which is now Chennai.

In 1920, he was also imprisoned for two years in Vellore.

After his delivery, he opened his own ashram to advance Gandhi's standards of Hindu-Muslim concordance and the cancelation of distance.

He was likewise a defender of khadi.

Satyagraha Vaikom: He was also a part of the Dandi March, a movement against untouchability, called Vaikom Satyagraha: At the point when Gandhi drove the Dandi Walk to overstep the salt regulation in 1930, Rajagopalachari did a comparable walk at Vedaranyam in the Madras Administration.

He additionally turned into the proofreader of Gandhi's paper, Youthful India.

Stop India Development: Rajagopalachari opposed Gandhi during the Quit India Movement.

He was of the view that the English planned to leave the nation ultimately, so sending off another Satyagraha was not a decent choice.


CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE BOOKS:

Chakravarthi Thirumagan, his Ramayana translation into Tamil, was eventually published.

In 1958, the book won the Tamil Sahitya Akademi Award.






Important questions to ask are: Who was Chakravarti Rajagopalachari?

Chakravarti Rajagopalachari BR was an Indian statesman, writer, lawyer, and independence activist. He was also known as Mootharignar Rajaji. He was also known as Rajaji or C.R. When India became a republic in 1950, Rajagopalachari served as the nation's final Governor-General.


Who is Shri Chakravarti Rajagopalachari?

Chakravarti Rajagopalachari BR was an Indian statesman, writer, lawyer, and independence activist. He was born on December 10, 1878, and passed away on December 25, 1972. He was also known as Mootharignar Rajaji (Rajaji, the Scholar Emeritus).


Which year rajagopalachari got Bharat Ratna?

Rajagopalachari assumed control of India's interim government in June 1948 and held that position until January 1950. From 1952 to 1954 he was again boss priest of Madras. In 1954, he was honored with the Bharat Ratna award for his exemplary service to India.


Who served as India's first Governor General?

Lord Mountbatten served as the first Governor-General of independent India and the final viceroy of the British Indian Empire from 1947 to 1948.


Who got first Bharat Ratna grant?

First Bharat Ratna was granted to Sarvapalli Radhakrishnan, Sir C.V. Raman, and Chakravarti Rajagopalachari in 1954. Sachin Tendulkar is the first sportsperson and the most youthful Bharat Ratna Grant, beneficiary.


How does the Rajagopalachari formula work?

Chakravarti Rajagopalachari proposed the C. Rajagopalachari formula, also known as the C. R. formula or the Rajaji formula, to break the political impasse that existed between the All India Muslim League and the Indian National Congress regarding British India's independence.




























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