top of page

Chittaranjan Das was born on November 5, 1870, and passed away on June 16, 1925.

Chittaranjan Das was born on November 5, 1870, and passed away on June 16, 1925. His accomplishments include being a significant figure in Bengal during the non-cooperation movement, which lasted from 1919 to 1922. He initiated the boycott of western or British attire. He was delegated the city hall leader of Calcutta Organization after it was shaped and furthermore administered the Gaya round of the Indian Public Congress.

Chittaranjan Das, or C.R. Das, was a lawyer by trade, but he went on to play a very important part in the Indian struggle for independence from the British. He was born on November 5, 1870, and he went to school in England. When he successfully defended Aurobindo Ghosh during his involvement in the Alipore bomb blast case in 1909, he launched his legal career. He was affectionately referred to as Deshbandu by loved ones.

Read this biography to learn more about Chittaranjan Das, also known as CR Das. During the non-cooperation movement in Bengal from 1919 to 1922, he was a significant figure. It was he who began the blacklist of English or western dresses. He set a model for others to follow by consuming his own western garments and in its stead, taking on the hand made desi khadi pieces of clothing. He later set up the Swaraj Party to proliferate his non-moderate perspectives with Motilal Nehru.

In addition, CR Das started a newspaper with the name Forward to spread his message to the public and fight the British raj. Later, he changed the name of the publication to Liberty. After the Calcutta Corporation was established, he was made mayor, and he also oversaw the Indian National Congress' Gaya round. Deshbandu was persistently sick all through his political life. In any case, notwithstanding this, he showed energy and resolute assurance in restricting the unfamiliar rule.

Chittaranjan Das was a firm opponent of non-violence and advocated adhering to constitutional procedures in order to achieve India's independence. He advocated for national education and preached harmony among communities. Subhas Chandra Bose and other followers carried on his teachings and legacy after him. Chittaranjan Das will continuously associated with his battle in the Indian conflict of autonomy.


Chittaranjan Das was brought into the world on 5 November 1870 at Telirbagh in the Bengal Administration, at present in Bangladesh.

Bhuban Mohan Das, a lawyer, and his wife Nistarini Debi had him as their son. Raja Ram Mohan Roy's Brahmo Samaj was actively supported by his family. Durga Mohan Das, Das's uncle, was a well-known Brahmo social reformer who worked for widow remarriage and women's liberation.

Das graduated from Calcutta's Presidency College in 1890. After that, he went to England to further his education and take the Indian Civil Services exam. However, he was unable to pass the ICS.

He completed his regulation examinations from Britain and got back to India in 1893.

He provided legal counsel for a long time at the Calcutta High Court.

Das gained fame among Indians for his defense of Aurobindo Ghosh in the 1908 Alipore Bomb Case.

Along with Aurobindo and Bipin Chandra Pal, he also contributed to the English weekly "Bande Mataram."

He actively advocated for university examinations to be conducted in Bengali.

He gave up his own western clothes and luxuries for the cause of Khadi and cottage industries.

He became associated with the Non-Collaboration Development drove by Mahatma Gandhi. Chittaranjan Das He rose to prominence as a member of the Indian National Congress and was renowned for his insight and capacity for public speaking.

He was detained in 1921 alongside his son and wife for participating in the movement. He was imprisoned for six months.

Das and others objected when Gandhi withdrew the non-cooperation movement in 1922 due to the incident at Chauri Chaura because the movement was still in full swing. In January 1923, he and Motilal Nehru founded the Swaraj Party.

He wrote and wrote poetry a lot. Mala and Malancha were the titles of the two volumes in which he published his poetry collection.

In 1925, Das's health started to get worse, so he decided to stay in Darjeeling to get better.

Gandhi referred to Das as a great soul and admired him greatly. He was given the honorific title "Deshbandhu" by the people. Subhas Chandra Bose likewise respected das

Das passed on from a serious fever on 16 June 1925 in Darjeeling. His human remaining parts were brought to Calcutta for the burial service. His funeral was attended by hundreds of people. The funeral procession was led by Gandhi.

CHITTARANJAN DAS' LEGACY: The Chittaranjan National Cancer Institute of Kolkata began as the Chittaranjan Cancer Hospital in 1950 on the grounds of the Chittaranjan Seva Sadan. A couple of years before his demise, Das gifted this property including his home and the connecting grounds to the country to be utilized to improve the existences of ladies.

'Move to one side', the last habitation of Das in Darjeeling is presently a Mother-and-Youngster Care Center show to the Public authority.

A dedicatory tower was raised at the Keoratala crematorium where Chittaranjan Das was incinerated. His death anniversary is frequently observed here each year.

Frequently Asked Questions: Who was Chittaranjan Das?

During the Indian Independence Movement, Chittaranjan Das, more commonly referred to as Deshbandhu, was an Indian freedom fighter, political activist, and lawyer. He was also the Political Guru of Indian freedom fighter Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose.

For what reason is Chittaranjan Das popular?

During the Non-Cooperation Movement, which lasted from 1919 to1922, he was a key figure in Bengal. He started the ban on British-made clothing and set an example by burning his own European clothes and wearing Khadi clothes.

Why does Chittaranjan go by the name Deshbandhu?

His house was turned into a political institution where people could meet, plan events, and spread propaganda. Because of these selfless deeds, India's heart was deeply moved, and as a result, he was affectionately dubbed Deshbandhu, or the friend of his country. Das established a National University in Dacca in 1921.

What is Chittaranjan Das's slogan?

We stand then for opportunity, since we guarantee the option to foster our own singularity and develop our own fate along our own lines, unembarrassed by what Western civilisation needs to show us and unencumbered by the organizations which the West has forced.

Is Chittaranjan in Bengal or Jharkhand?

Chittaranjan is a rail route town on the line of Jharkhand and West Bengal. The Chittaranjan rail route station is situated in Mihijam, Jharkhand.

Is Chittaranjan Das an activist for freedom?

Chitta Ranjan Das was a politician and the leader of the Swaraj (Independence) Party in Bengal during British rule. He was born on Nov. 5, 1870, in Calcutta (now Kolkata), India, and passed away on June 16, 1925, in Darjeeling (now Darjiling).

39 views0 comments


bottom of page