Charles Robert Darwin FRS FRGS FLS FZS JP was an English naturalist, geologist, and biologist, widely known for his contributions to evolutionary biology.
His proposition that all species of life have descended from a common ancestor is now generally accepted and considered a fundamental concept in science.
Charles Darwin was born in 1809 in Shrewsbury, England. His father, a doctor, had high hopes that his son would earn a medical degree at Edinburgh University in Scotland, where he enrolled at the age of sixteen. It turned out that Darwin was more interested in natural history than medicine.
it was said that the sight of blood made him sick to his stomach. While he continued his studies in theology at Cambridge, it was his focus on natural history that became his passion.
In 1831, Darwin embarked on a voyage aboard a ship of the British Royal Navy, the HMS Beagle, employed as a naturalist. The main purpose of the trip was to survey the coastline of South America and chart its harbors to make better maps of the region. The work that Darwin did was just an added bonus.
Darwin spent much of the trip on land collecting samples of plants, animals, rocks, and fossils. He explored regions in Brazil, Argentina, Chile, and remote islands such as the Galápagos. He packed all of his specimens into crates and sent them back to England aboard other vessels.
Upon his return to England in 1836, Darwin’s work continued. Studies of his samples and notes from the trip led to groundbreaking scientific discoveries. Fossils he collected were shared with paleontologists and geologists, leading to advances in the understanding of the processes that shape the Earth’s surface.
Darwin’s analysis of the plants and animals he gathered led him to question how species form and change over time. This work convinced him of the insight that he is most famous for his natural selection.
The theory of natural selection says that individuals of a species are more likely to survive in their environment and pass on their genes to the next generation when they inherit traits from their parents that are best suited for that specific environment.
In this way, such traits become more widespread in the species and can eventually lead to the development of a new species.
In 1859, Darwin published his thoughts about evolution and natural selection in On the Origin of Species. It was as popular as it was controversial.
The book convinced many people that species change over time a lot of time suggesting that the planet was much older than what was commonly believed at the time, six thousand years.
Charles Darwin died in 1882 at the age of seventy three. He is buried in Westminster Abbey in London, England.
What's Charles Darwin known best for?
Darwin's analysis of the plants and animals he gathered led him to question how species form and change over time. This work convinced him of the insight that he is most famous for natural selection.
What did Darwin discover?
With Darwin's discovery of natural selection, the origin and adaptations of organisms were brought into the realm of science.
The adaptive features of organisms could now be explained, like the phenomena of the inanimate world, as the result of natural processes, without recourse to an Intelligent Designer.
How did Darwin prove evolution?
Charles Darwin arrived at many of his insights into evolution by studying the variations among species on the Galápagos Islands off the coast of Ecuador.
Darwin's original hypothesis has undergone extensive modification and expansion, but the central concepts stand firm.
What was Charles Darwin's theory?
Charles Darwin was a British naturalist who proposed the theory of biological evolution by natural selection.
Darwin defined evolution as "descent with modification," the idea that species change over time, give rise to new species, and share a common ancestor.
What are the 5 main points of Darwin's theory?
The five theories were:-
(1) evolution as such.
(2) common descent.
(4) multiplication of species.
(5) natural selection.
Who invented evolution?
Charles Darwin is commonly cited as the person who “discovered” evolution. But, the historical record shows that roughly seventy different individuals published work on the topic of evolution between 1748 and 1859, the year that Darwin published On the Origin of Species.
Who was the first true man?
The First Humans
One of the earliest known humans is Homo habilis, or “handy man,” who lived about 2.4 million to 1.4 million years ago in Eastern and Southern Africa.
Who is the true father of evolution?
Charles Darwin: Naturalist, Revolutionary, and Father of Evolution.
Was Darwin a good person?
Unlike many members of the human species, Darwin makes an easy hero. His achievements were prodigious; his science, meticulous.
His work transformed our understanding of the planet and of ourselves. At the same time, he was a humane, gentle, decent man, a loving husband and father, and a loyal friend.
What was believed before Darwin?
Before Darwin was born, most people in England accepted certain ideas about the natural world as given. Species were not linked in a single "family tree." They were unconnected, unrelated, and unchanged since the moment of their creation.