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Emmanuel Macron is a French politician and banker who was elected president of France in 2017.




Emmanuel Macron is a French politician and banker who was elected president of France in 2017. He was born on December 21, 1977, in Amiens, France. Macron was the principal individual throughout the entire existence of the Fifth Republic to win the administration without the sponsorship of either the Communists or the Gaullists, and he was France's most youthful head of state since Napoleon I. He was reappointed in 2022, turning into the first French president in quite a while to win a subsequent term.


Born: Amiens, France, December 21, 1977, age 45; title/office: president of France from 2017 to present En route!

Political Membership: En route!





Early life and beginnings in politics Macron was the oldest of three siblings born to liberal-leaning doctors. He proved to be an exceptionally gifted student at a private lycée (secondary school) in Amiens. He started a long-term relationship with Brigitte Trogneux, his drama teacher, while he was there, and the two of them later got married. Macron finished his baccalauréat at the lofty Lycée Henri-IV in Paris prior to concentrating on worldwide approach and public help at the grande école Sciences Po. He also worked as an editorial assistant for philosopher and historian Paul Ricoeur during this time. Macron earned a master's degree in philosophy from Paris Nanterre University and a master's degree in public policy from Sciences Po in 2001. In 2004 he graduated close to the highest point of his group from the esteemed École Nationale d'Administration (ENA), a school that had accomplished a standing as a most optimized plan of attack to political power. French Presidents Valéry Giscard d'Estaing, Jacques Chirac, and François Hollande were all ENA graduated class.





In 2004, Macron began working for the French Ministry of Economy and Finance as a finance inspector. In order to enter the private sector, he bought out his government contract four years later for €50,000 (approximately $70,000), a move that friends warned would jeopardize any future political ambitions. He became an investment banker at Rothschild & Cie Banque, the French arm of the international Rothschild financial group, in September 2008. Macron rose quickly through the ranks of the business, and in 2012, he helped negotiate Nestlé's record-breaking $12 billion acquisition of Pfizer's baby food division. For his part in the deal, Macron reportedly got €2.9 million, or about $3.8 million. While Macron was still working at Rothschild, he started collaborating with Hollande on campaigns for the Socialist Party's presidential nomination ahead of the 2012 election.


Macron joined Hollande's administration as an economic adviser and deputy chief of staff following his victory. At international summits, Macron became France's face, and in 2014, he was made finance minister. In an effort to revive the ailing French economy, he advocated a package of reforms known as the loi Macron (or "Macron law"). However, the legislation sparked a revolt from the Socialist Party's left wing. In order to pass a bill without the approval of parliament and subject the government to a vote of confidence, Prime Minister Manuel Valls was forced to invoke Article 49 of the French constitution in February 2015. That vote was easily won by Valls, and the Macron law was passed. The Sunday business hours were relaxed, some professions were deregulated, but the labor market remained largely unchanged, and France's 35-hour workweek was maintained. The loi Macron added up to a moderately humble change bundle for a nation wrestling with steadily high joblessness and slow development, yet it by and by started a savage reaction from both the left and the right.





As a result of France's weak economic performance and the ongoing migrant crisis in Europe, Hollande's approval rating dropped. The rise of Marine Le Pen and the National Front, her nationalist, anti-immigrant party, would be fueled by both of these factors. Even though he was still in Hollande's administration, Macron began to distance himself from Hollande. However, the heinous terrorist attacks that took place in Paris in November 2015 caused Macron to delay his departure from the Socialist government. En Marche! was founded by Macron in April 2016 (“ Forward!”), a popular movement against a sclerotic political system that he described as a "democratic revolution." Following in the footsteps of the third-way paradigm that President Macron proposed a center-left fusion of populism and neoliberalism, similar to that of Bill Clinton in the United States and Prime Minister Tony Blair in the United Kingdom. Spectators noticed that the planning of the declaration — somewhat over a year in front of the 2017 official political race — firmly alluded to a pariah bid for the Élysée Castle.


Following the release of En Marche!, Macron's relationship with Hollande became increasingly strained. However, given the president's low approval ratings, this was hardly a problem. Macron officially declared his candidacy for president on November 16 after submitting his resignation on August 30. Later that month, when the Republicans elected former Prime Minister François Fillon as their party's nominee, the campaign took a turn in favor of Macron. In the intraparty race, Fillon came out on top of former president Nicolas Sarkozy and former prime minister Alain Juppé. Although Fillon's campaign collapsed amid allegations that he had improperly accepted tens of thousands of euros in gifts and created fake jobs for members of his family, he was widely considered to be the likely front-runner for the presidency.




In December 2016, Hollande declared that he would not run for reelection because he believed there was no realistic path to a second term. Valls declared his candidacy after resigning as prime minister; however, the Socialists chose Benoît Hamon, a political outsider from the party's extreme left wing, as their candidate. After that, representing the moderate factions of their respective parties, Valls and Juppé declared their support for Macron, a significant coup for a candidate who did not have the support of major parties. Independent candidates emerged as a result of historically low support for France's two major parties. As a result, Macron, Marine Le Pen, and Jean-Luc Mélenchon, a former Socialist who ran for president in 2012 with the support of the French Communist Party, effectively dominated the race. While Mélenchon's supporters came from the left and Le Pen from the right, Macron's centrist anti-establishment message won over a wide range of people. Notably, Macron was also the only well-known candidate who supported the European Union in a race with a lot of Euroskepticism.


On April 23, 2017, French voters went to the polls for the first round of the presidential election. Among 11 candidates, Macron came out on top and won 24 percent of the vote. Le Pen finished in second place with 21%, which ensured her participation in the subsequent two-week second round. Hamon came in a distant fifth with just over 6%, and Fillon and Mélenchon were virtually tied for third place with 20% each. The runoff was the first time in the Fifth Republic's history that neither of France's two main parties was represented. In an apparent attempt to influence the election, hackers uploaded tens of thousands of internal Macron campaign communications to the Internet just days before that event. Although the so-called "MacronLeaks" information dump had little impact due, at least in part, to French media laws that prohibit campaign coverage in the hours before an election, the attack was attributed to the same Russian-backed group that targeted the Democratic Party in the 2016 U.S. presidential election.




On May 7, 2017, Macron won the second round with a convincing two-thirds of the vote, becoming France's youngest president at 39 years old. However, voters continued to find means of expressing their dissatisfaction with both Macron and Le Pen. The highest rate of electorate nonparticipation in nearly 50 years, roughly one-fourth of French voters completely abstained, and over four million voters intentionally cast ballots that were either spoiled or blank. The victory of Macron was well-received outside of France; Indeed, the news caused the euro to soar to a six-month high. Macron's first task as president would be to secure a working majority in the French parliament because there is no existing party structure.



En Marche! held legislative elections in June 2017 delivered a convincing victory in the National Assembly, winning 308 of 577 seats. Macron's coalition won 350 seats, with additional support from the Democratic Movement (MoDem) of François Bayrou. Even though the outcome was remarkable for a party that had only been around for 14 months, turnout was only 42.6%, which was the lowest rate of voter participation in modern French history for a parliamentary election.


Macron rose to prominence in a short period of time: The charismatic young president of France found room to assert himself as Britain struggled to complete the Brexit process and Germany's Angela Merkel began to inch closer to retirement. However, despite Macron's growing international influence, his domestic approval remained largely unchanged. In November 2018, France was rocked by a wave of demonstrations in opposition to a proposed fuel tax increase. A tax plan that benefited France's wealthiest citizens earned him the nickname "president des riches," or "president of the rich." The protesters, who wore bright traffic safety vests and were known as gilets jaunes (literally, "yellow vests"), gained widespread support from the French public, forcing Macron to eliminate the fuel tax. When the Notre-Dame Cathedral was severely damaged by fire in April 2019, Macron launched a fundraising campaign that raised hundreds of millions of dollars to repair and rebuild the iconic Parisian landmark.




Although he famously joked that there was no "magic money" to spend on services without a corresponding increase in government revenues, Macron was forced to put these measures on hold when his administration was confronted with the greatest global public health challenge in a century. His agenda had also included restrictions on government spending. France's economy suffered greatly as a result of the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic, which restricted travel and closed non-essential businesses. However, the country recovered relatively quickly. Despite the fact that more than 25 million people in France contracted COVID-19, a potentially fatal virus, the country's high vaccination rate and robust jobs retention program saved France from the high death rates and persistent unemployment seen elsewhere.


Even though his administration's response to the pandemic was mostly successful, Macron's approval rating was always around 40%, and the results of the 2021 regional elections showed that. En Marche! failed to win any of the country's regions, while the resurgent Republicans and Socialists ruled the entire nation. Another election with a record low turnout was that one: Only a third of all eligible voters cast their ballots. During the 2022 presidential campaign, voter apathy remained a concern, and Macron struggled to mobilize his remaining supporters. The primary round, hung on April 10, 2022, was a virtual rehash of the 2017 challenge, as Macron caught very nearly 28% of the vote and Le Pen won 23%. Even though Mélenchon did not fully endorse Macron in the second round, he urged his supporters to "not give a single vote" to Le Pen and came in third with 22% of the vote.


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