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For a variety of reasons, 5 March is celebrated, observed & remembered throughout Indian & global.




For a variety of reasons, 5 March is celebrated, observed, and remembered throughout Indian and global history. Air Marshal Subroto Mukerjee, Gangubai Hangal, Bijayananda Patnaik, Shivajirao Girdhar Patil, and Saurabh Shukla all passed away on March 5.


Jalal Agha's and Chittajallu Rajeevalochana's deaths are also commemorated on March 5.


In Indian history, the fifth of March is celebrated as the birthdays of the following individuals:


Air Marshal Subroto Mukerjee, the first Indian Commander-in-Chief (C-in-C) of the Indian Air Force, was born on March 5, 1911, and died on November 8, 1960. His career lasted almost three decades, and up until his untimely death in 1960, he was the recipient of numerous awards. He is sometimes referred to as the "Father of the Indian Air Force." He was born in Kolkata, India, on March 5, 1911.


Gangubai Hangal was a Hindustani classical music singer from India who was born on March 5, 1913, and passed away on July 21, 2009. Her powerful, deep voice was well-known. The Kirana gharana belonged to Ms. Hangal. On March 5, 1913, Gangubai Hangal was born in Dharwad.


Biju Patnaik was an Indian politician, aviator, and businessman who was born on March 5, 1916, and died on April 17, 1997. He held the position of Chief Minister of Odisha State twice. He attended Ravenshaw College in Odisha for his education. He wanted to work in the aviation industry. He stopped going to school and trained as a pilot for himself. Shree Patnaik flew for private airlines, but he joined the Royal Indian Air Force at the start of World War II and eventually became head of air transport command.


Honorary citizenship in Indonesia was given to Patnaik for his brave support of Indonesia during the support. Megawati Sukarnoputri, Sukarno's daughter, said in 2015 that Patnaik suggested she be named Meghavati, which means "daughter of clouds." She later became Indonesia's first female president, serving from 2001 to 2004 under the full name Diah Permata Megawati Setiawati Sukarnoputri. The Indonesian Embassy in New Delhi named a room after Biju Patnaik in 2021.


Photographs, newspaper clippings, and letters that document Shree Patnaik's secret assignments to fly out Indonesian leaders as well as his relationships with the Indonesian leadership can be found on the walls of the Biju Patnaik room. Biju Patnaik was born in Cuttack, British India, on March 5, 1916.


Shivajirao Girdhar Patil was an Indian politician and social activist who was born on March 5, 1925, and passed away on July 22, 2017. Mr. Patil has served in the Maharashtra Legislative Council, Maharashtra Legislative Assembly, and, later, the Rajya Sabha for a single term. He has also been associated with various political parties. He recently received the Padma Bhushan in 2013; India's third-highest civilian distinction. His birthday is March 5, 1925.


Indian actor and director Saurabh Shukla. He has worked in theater, film, and television. His roles in Satya (1998), Yuva (2004), and Barfi! (2004a) made him famous. (2012)), Jolly LLB (2013), Kick (2014), PK (2014), Jolly LLB 2 (2017), and Raid He has also collaborated with Ruth and Rachael Agnihotri on a Goa-based short film. His performance in Jolly LLB earned him the National Film Award for Best Supporting Actor in 2014. He was born in Gorakhpur, India, on March 5, 1963.






Death Anniversary: In Indian history, the date of March 5 is commemorated as the death anniversary of the following individuals: Jalal Agha: 11 July 1945 – 5 March 1995) was an Indian film director and actor. At the Film and Television Institute of India in Pune, Jalal studied acting. In the 1960 historical epic Mughal-E-Azam, he made his acting debut as a child actor as the younger Jehangir, who was played by Dilip Kumar as an adult. He was in over sixty Bollywood films. He passed away on March 5, 1995, at the age of 49, in New Delhi, India.


Rajeevalochana Chittajallu: Indian classical dancer and film actress (born 15 August 1935–5 March 2013). She also went by the name Rajasulochana. She has appeared in more than 300 films in Hindi, Telugu, Tamil, Kannada, and Malayalam. She passed away on March 5, 2013, at the age of 77, in Chennai, India.



Important events in Indian and global history that occurred on March 5 include: The establishment of the Geological Survey of India (GSI). It is a government organization and an office of the Union Government of India's Ministry of Mines. It is one of the oldest organizations in the world that studies and surveys geology.


5 March 1931:– Gandhi and Irving reached an agreement. It was signed by Lord Irwin and Indian nationalist movement leader Mohandas K. Gandhi. It marked the end of Gandhi's and his followers' period of civil disobedience (satyagraha) against British rule in India, which began with the Salt March.


5 March 1942:– After the KNIL garrison and Australian Black force battalion withdraw to Buitenzorg and Bandung, Japanese forces capture Batavia, the capital of the Dutch East Indies. Batavia is left without a defense after the withdrawal.


5 March 1953: – The Soviet Union's longest-serving leader, Joseph Stalin, dies four days after suffering a cerebral hemorrhage at his Volynskoe dacha in Moscow.


March 5 1907: – Lee De Forest broadcast the performance of Rossini's William Tell Overture from Telharmonic Hall in New York to the Brooklyn Navy Yard, making it the first musical composition to be broadcast on radio.


Gandhi-Irwin Pact - This Day in History: On March 5, 1931, Mahatma Gandhi and the then-viceroy of India, Lord Irwin, reached the historic Gandhi-Irwin Pact. The fact that Gandhi and the viceroy met as "equals" for the first time made it significant.


Gandhi-Irwin Pact: The 1931 London Second Round Table Conference was scheduled. The Salt Satyagraha was initiated in 1930 by Gandhi's Indian National Congress.

In a letter to Lord Irwin, Gandhi stated his intention to defy the unjust salt law.


As a result, the well-known Dandi march marked the beginning of the Salt Satyagraha on March 12, 1930. The Satyagraha gained widespread popularity among many Indians after many people, including Gandhi, were imprisoned. The world's attention was focused on India and Gandhi as a result of this event. The non-violent struggle of Indians against unjust British imperialism led to sympathy for Indians and a negative portrayal of the British.






"Irwin wanted both the Satyagraha and this to end." Therefore, he directed Gandhi's unconditional release, and Gandhi agreed to meet the viceroy.


Irwin then had a series of conversations with Gandhi. Sarojini Naidu referred to the two as "the two Mahatmas" after they met eight times.


The Gandhi-Irwin Pact was the name given to the agreement they reached. The idea of the British king's representative meeting with Gandhi, an active leader of a party that wanted to end British rule in India, angered many people in Britain and Indian officials.


But Lord Irwin's sincerity was said to have impressed Gandhi.


The agreement stipulated that the Congress would participate in the Second Round Table Conference and put an end to the civil disobedience movement. In return, the government agreed to free all political prisoners to save all violent individuals.


It also agreed to let the INC peacefully picket liquor stores and foreign clothing stores and to repeal all ordinances that restricted the INC's activities. Additionally, the government agreed to lift the INC's ban and return all Satyagrahis' confiscated property. Lastly, the government would remove the salt tax and allow Indians to collect and produce salt at the coasts. In addition, the government agreed to treat with leniency those government employees who had resigned in response to the call for civil disobedience.





However, Gandhi made a few demands that were not met. They included a public inquiry into the excesses of the police and the commutation of Bhagat Singh's and his accomplices' death sentences to life in prison.


The British were willing to make these concessions despite the fact that some conservative members of the government and the civil service wanted to punish the Indians severely.


The British government, led by Prime Minister Ramsay MacDonald, was aware that Gandhi and the Congress needed to be there for the Second Round Table Conference to be meaningful.



Are you aware?

1851: In Calcutta, the Geological Survey of India (GSI) was established. 1911: Birth of Air Marshal Subroto Mukerjee, the Indian Air Force's first Chief of the Air Staff.



Frequently Asked Questions: What is the Gandhian Irwin Pact?

Ans. The Gandhi-Irwin Pact was a political agreement that Mahatma Gandhi and Lord Irwin, the Viceroy of India at the time, made before the Second Round Table Conference on March 5, 1931, in London.



Who opposed Gandhi-Irwin's agreement?

Answer: One of the most vocal critics of the Gandhi-Irwin agreement was Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose, who argued that Gandhiji should not have suspended the Civil Disobedience movement.


The Gandhi-Irwin Pact helped Indians in what way?

In January 1931, Gandhi was released from custody, and the two men began discussing the pact's terms. In the end, Gandhi made a promise to stop the Satyagraha campaign, and Irwin agreed to let Indians make salt for their own use and release those who had been imprisoned during it.






Why did Gandhi-Irwin's agreement fail?

Gandhi was unable to reach an agreement on the communal representation policy and the British government's rejection of the fundamental Indian demand for freedom, both of which contributed to the conference's failure. It took place on November 17, 1932, in London.



What prompted Gandhi to sign the Gandhi-Irwin Pact?

Gandhi signed this agreement to release prisoners who did not engage in violent behavior during the Civil Disobedience Movement, which was severely thwarted by the British.



What was the Gandhi-Irwin Pact's greatest benefit?

On March 5, 1931, Viceroy Lord Irwin and Mahatma Gandhi signed the Gandhi-Irwin Pact in London. The following were its main points: On behalf of the Indian National Congress, Gandhi agreed to put an end to the Civil Disobedience movement.


What else is Gandhi-Irwin Pact known as?

On January 25, 1931, the Members of Congress Working Committee were made public. Gandhiji and Lord Irwin, the viceroy, began conversations. The viceroy and Gandhiji made a deal as a result of these talks. Gandhi-Irwin Pact or Delhi Pact came to be the names given to this agreement.


Who was influential during the Gandhi-Irwin Pact?

Tej Bahadur Sapru is the correct response. The Gandhi-Irwin Pact was mediated by Tej Bahadur Sapru.








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