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Gopal Krishna Gokhale
Conceived: Died on May 9, 1866: 19 February 1915 Highlights: guru of Mahatma Gandhi in politics; one of the leaders of the Indian national movement at the beginning; creator of the Society of Servants of India.
One of the pioneers of the Indian national movement was Gopal Krishna Gokhale. He was a senior Indian National Congress leader. Millions of Indians' longings for independence from British rule were expressed by Gokhale. He was regarded by Gandhiji as his political mentor. Gopalkrishna Gokhale was a social reformer as well as a political leader. He established the "Servants of India Society," a group that advocated for the common people. The contribution that Gopal Krishna Gokhale made to the development of India is priceless.
Gopal Krishna Gokhale was born in Kothapur, Maharashtra, on May 9, 1866. Because the soil in the area was not suitable for agriculture, Krishna Rao's father had to work as a clerk. His mom Valubai was a straightforward lady. With financial support from his older brother, Gokhale attended Rajaram High School in Kothapur for his early education. Later on he continued on toward Bombay and moved on from Elphinstone School, Bombay in 1884 at 18 years old.
One of the first generations of Indians to attend college was Gopal Krishna Gokhale. He was regarded generally in the early Indian scholarly local area and across India. Gokhale was greatly influenced by education. He was able to express himself without hesitation and with the utmost clarity thanks to his comprehension of the English language. His appreciation and information on history imparted in him a regard for freedom, a majority rules government, and the parliamentary framework. He went on to become a teacher after graduating, landing a position as Assistant Master at the New English School in Pune. Gokhale moved to Pune in 1885 and, along with his colleagues in the Deccan Education Society, founded Fergusson College. Gopal Krishna Gokhale allowed almost twenty years of his life to Fergusson School and rose to become head of the school. Gokhale came into contact with Mahadev Govind Ranade at this point. Gokhale referred to Ranade as his "guru," and he was a judge, scholar, and social reformer. Gokhale worked with Ranade in Poona Sarvajanik Sabha of which Gokhale turned into the Secretary.
At the age of 20, Gopal Krishna Gokhale made his public debut in 1886. He was greatly appreciated for his public speech on "India under the British Rule." Gokhale regularly wrote articles for the weekly "Mahratta" published by Bal Gangadhar Tilak. He attempted to awaken the latent patriotism of Indians through his articles. Gokhale quickly rose to the position of Secretary of the Deccan Education Society. He was the secretary of the reception committee during the 1895 Indian National Congress session in Poona. Gokhale rose to prominence within the Indian National Congress as a result of this session. Gokhale was elected twice as Pune Municipality president. Gokhale was also a member of the Bombay Legislative Council for a time, where he strongly opposed the government at the time.
Gokhale left Fergusson College in 1902. He joined the Delhi Imperial Legislative Council as a member. There he represented individuals of the country in a capable way. Gokhale was able to effectively present the country's economic issues during the debates because he had a thorough understanding of them. Gokhale established the "Servants of India Society" new organization in 1905. Workers were trained by this society to serve the nation. Gokhale traveled to England in the same year to express his concerns regarding the British government's unjust treatment of Indians. He spoke to 47 different audiences over the course of 49 days and captivated each one. Gokhale argued for slow changes to at last accomplish Swaraj, or self-government, in India. He was instrumental in the presentation of the Morley-Minto Changes of 1909, which at last became regulation. However the changes planted the seeds of common division in India, by and by, they gave Indian admittance to the seats of the greatest power inside the public authority, and their voices were more discernible in issues of public interest.
Gopal Krishna Gokhale had asthma and diabetes. Gokhale's health suffered as a result of excessive assertiveness, and on February 19, 1915, he passed away.
Why celebrate Gopal Krishna Gokhale Jayanti?
On Gopal Krishna Gokhale's Jayanti, the Indian Prime Minister paid tribute.
Gopal Krishna Gokhale was a great educator and social reformer who led India's freedom movement in an outstanding manner.
We are aware of Gopal Krishna Gokhale.
Birth: 9 May 1866, in the village of Kotluk in present-day Maharashtra, which was a part of the Bombay Presidency at the time.
For three decades, Gokhale worked for social empowerment, education expansion, and freedom struggle in India, rejecting revolutionary or reactionary tactics.
Contribution to Colonial Legislation:
He served as a member of the Bombay Legislative Council from 1899 to 1902, and from 1902 until his death, he worked for the Imperial Legislative Council.
Gokhale was instrumental in establishing the Morley-Minto reforms of 1909 at the Imperial legislature.
Impact on INC:
He was related with the Moderate Gathering of Indian Public Congress (joined in 1889).
In the Banaras session of 1905, he became INC president.
At this point, his "Moderates" and the "Extremists," led by Lala Lajpat Rai and Bal Gangadhar Tilak, among others, had developed sever disagreements. At the 1907 session in Surat, the two factions broke off.
Regardless of the philosophical contrast, in 1907, he seriously lobbied for the arrival of Lala Lajpat Rai, who was detained that year by the English at Mandalay in present-day Myanmar.
Societies and Works Related to It:
In order to improve Indian education, he established the Servants of India Society in 1905.
He was also involved in the Sarvajanik sabha journal, which Govind Ranade started.
Gokhale established the Ranade Institute of Economics in 1908.
The Hitavada, or "People's Paper," was his first English weekly publication.
Guru to Gandhi:
He is regarded by Mahatma Gandhi as his political mentor because he is a liberal nationalist.
In Gujarati, Gandhi wrote a book called "Dharmatma Gokhale" about the leader.
What exactly are Morley-Minto Reforms 1909?
Indians were added to the executive councils of Bombay and Madras, the viceroy's executive council, the Secretary of State's council, and the executive councils of Bombay and Madras as part of the reforms, and Muslims were given separate electorates in legislative councils.
Indian nationalists thought the reforms were too cautious, and Hindus resented the provision of separate Muslim electorates.
The Centre's and the provinces' legislative councils were expanded.
The Act increased the Imperial Legislative Council's maximum number of members from 16 to 60.
There were four categories of members for the Centre and provinces' legislative councils:
Members in good standing: Governor-General and executive council members.
Official members who were nominated: Members of the government who were appointed by the Governor-General.
Non-official nominees for membership: appointed by the Governor-General, but they were not employees of the government.
Chosen individuals: voted for by a variety of Indian groups.
Indirectly, the elected members were chosen.
For the first time, Indians were allowed to join the Imperial Legislative Council.
It established separate Muslim electorates.
Only Muslims were permitted to vote for their representatives in some constituencies that were designated for Muslims.
The first Indian Viceroy's Executive Council member was named Satyendra P. Sinha.
Previous Year's Questions (PYQs) for the UPSC Civil Services Examination: Q. Who among the following rejected the Knighthood and refused a position in the Council of the Secretary of State for India? 2008) Motilal Nehru (a), M.G. Ranade (b), G.K. Gokhale (c), and B.G. Tilak (d)
Some crucial frequently asked questions: What is Gopal Krishna Gokhale famous for?
He started the Servants of India Society and was a senior leader in the Indian National Congress. Gokhale advocated for social reforms and Indian self-rule through the Society, Congress, and other legislative bodies in which he served.
Who is referred to as Diamond of India?
Bal Gangadhar Tilak, Gopal Krishna Gokhale's political opponent, referred to Gopal Krishna Gokhale as the "Diamond of India." Gopal Krishna Gokhale was an Indian liberal political pioneer and a social reformer during the Indian Freedom Development.
Which law did Gopal Krishna Gokhale propose?
In 1911, Gopal Krishna Gokhale petitioned the British for the Right to Education. However, the Right to Education Act was enacted in 2009, and this right was only recognized in 2002.
What is Gopal Krishna Gokhale's well-known catchphrase?
A spirit of self-sacrifice from our educated young men is what the country needs most right now. They can take it from me that they cannot spend their lives serving a better cause than improving the moral and intellectual status of their unhappy low castes and promoting their well-being.