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India observes National Girl Child Day & discrimination against girls in Indian society.



India observes National Girl Child Day on January 24 each year. It was started in 2008 by the Indian government and the Ministry of Women and Child Development to raise awareness of the discrimination against girls in Indian society.


The following are the objectives of celebrating National Girl Child Day:


NGCD 2022 is being celebrated all over the country with the goals of raising awareness of the issue of the declining Child Sex Ratio (CSR) and creating a positive environment around valuing the girl child. It also aims to: Highlight the inequalities that girls face in the country; Promote awareness about the rights of a girl child; Generate awareness on the importance of girl education, health, and nutrition.


The celebrations also mark the Beti Bachao Beti Padhao (BBBP) Scheme's anniversary.


Azadi Ka Amirt Mahotsav, the Ministry of Women and Child Development's celebration of National Girl Child Day this year, marks 75 years of Indian Independence. The following are highlights of the event:


Accomplishments of Ministries in Empowering Girl Child Felicitates young female achievers under the age of 20 Launch of new schemes aimed at Girl Child Selife with daughter - 75 lakhs All the States/UTs and 405 multi-sectoral districts under BBBP to organize online programs like Gram Sabha/Mahila Sabha on CSR, a program with schools on the value of girl child, a poster/slogan-writing/drawing/painting


Plans for the welfare of girls National Education Policy (NEP)-2020 Ministry of Youth Affairs and Sports Department of Science and Technology (DST) Ministry of Skill Development India observes National Girl Child Day on January 24 each year. This celebration was first held in 2008 by the Indian government's Ministry of Women and Child Development.





The following are the objectives of celebrating National Girl Child Day:


NGCD 2022 is being celebrated all over the country with the goals of raising awareness of the issue of the declining Child Sex Ratio (CSR) and creating a positive environment around valuing the girl child. It also aims to highlight the inequalities that girls face in the country. Increase awareness of the rights of a girl child. Increase awareness of the importance of girl education, health, and nutrition.


The celebrations also mark the Beti Bachao Beti Padhao (BBBP) Scheme's anniversary.


Azadi Ka Amirt Mahotsav, the Ministry of Women and Child Development's celebration of National Girl Child Day this year, marks 75 years of Indian Independence. The following are highlights of the event:


Accomplishments of Ministries in Empowering Girl Child Felicitates young female achievers under the age of 20 Launch of new schemes aimed at Girl Child Selife with daughter - 75 lakhs All the States/UTs and 405 multi-sectoral districts under BBBP to organize online programs like Gram Sabha/Mahila Sabha on CSR, a program with schools on the value of girl child, a poster/slogan-writing/drawing/painting


Initiatives and programs for the advancement and empowerment of girls have been implemented by a number of Indian government ministries, including the Department of Science and Technology, the Ministries of Education, Sports, and Skill Development.




The "Gender Inclusion Fund for Targeting the Development of Girl Child" has been added to the National Education Policy (NEP)-2020. A "Gender Inclusion Fund" will be established by the GOI to ensure that all girls receive a high-quality and equitable education. The goal of the fund is to make sure that all girls go to school and have a record number of girls go to college, close the gender gap at all levels, practice gender equity and inclusion in society, and help girls become more capable leaders through constructive civil dialogue. States will also be able to support and scale up successful community-based interventions that address barriers to girls and transgender students that are specific to the local context with the help of the funds.


NEP 2020 will concentrate on girls' safety and security both inside and outside the campus. Before applying for yearly accreditation, the schools must ensure that their campuses are free of bullying, harassment, and discrimination. Girls will be more likely to attend class as a result of this. Social norms and gender stereotypes that prevent girls from attending school and lead to regular dropout rates will be identified by the policy.




Samagra Shiksha is an Integrated Scheme for School Education (ISSE) that is being implemented by the Department of School Education and Literacy of the Ministry of Education (MoE). Under this program, a variety of interventions have been targeted toward Girls' Education. One of the main goals of the Samagra Shiksha is to close the gender and social category gaps at all levels of school education.





Under Samagra Shiksha, various interventions have been targeted to increase girls' education participation. Among these interventions are:


Provision of gender-segregated toilets in all schools, Teachers' sensitization programs to promote girls' participation, Provision for Self-Defense Training for the Girls from Classes VI to XII, Stipend to CWSN Girls from Classes I to XII Residential Schools/Hotels Construction of residential quarters for teachers in remote, hilly, or difficult terrain

In addition, under Samagra Shiksha, Kasturba Gandhi Balika Vidyalayas (KGBVs) have been approved in Educationally Backward Blocks (EBBs) to provide girls from disadvantaged groups with high-quality education and to close gender gaps at all levels of schooling.

Some of the programs that promote women's education include the CBSE Udaan Scheme, which provides free or low-cost education to girl children, reservation for women in colleges and universities, and the National Scheme of Incentive to Girls for Secondary Education.



Ministry of Youth Affairs and Sports An exclusive component of the Khelo India Scheme focuses on overcoming obstacles that prevent girls and women from participating in sports and developing mechanisms to do so. From 2018 to 2020, the number of women participating in the Khelo India Games will rise by 161%. There have now been 1471 female athletes supported by the Khelo India program, up from 657 in 2018, a 223 percent increase. In September of 2018, the Target Olympic Podium Scheme (TOPS) included 86 female athletes; as of right now, there are 190 of them—a 220 percent increase.




Department of Science and Technology (DST) The "Knowledge Involvement in Research Advancement through Nurturing (KIRAN) Scheme" was launched by the Department of Science and Technology (DST) to provide a variety of career opportunities for women scientists and technologists. Through a variety of programs, the primary objective is to achieve gender parity in the science and technology industry by recruiting more female researchers and developers. Women Scientists Scheme, which includes WOS-A, WOS-B, and WOS-C, the Indo-US Fellowship for Women in STEMM, the Consolidation of University Research for Innovation & Excellence in Women Universities (CURIE), the CURIE-Artificial Intelligence facility, Vigyan Jyoti, the National Training Programme for Women Scientists & Technologists, S&T for Women, Women Technology Parks (WTPs), and the SERB Women Excellence Award Program for In order to achieve transformation, the project aims to establish a new ecosystem based on the development of institutions' competencies and to provide them with ongoing mentoring support.


The Ministry of Skill Development is working to create an environment that encourages women to become skilled in India. 19 of the 33 National Skill Training Institutes (NSTIs) exclusively offer skill training to women. Under the Craftsman Training Scheme, 3,400 seats in NSTIs and the Crafts Instructor Training Scheme (CITS), 2,225 seats have been approved.





Why is the celebration of National Girl Child Day?


On January 24 of each year, a national holiday dedicated to girls is observed as National Girl Child Day. It is celebrated to raise public awareness of all of the social injustices that girl children face. Inequality in education, nutrition, legal rights, medical care, protection, honor, child marriage, and many other areas are all manifestations of this troubling issue.


Goals: To bring gender inequality to people's attention and provide new opportunities for girls in society; To get rid of all the injustices that girls face; To make sure that girls have all the rights, respect, and value they deserve in the country; To educate people about gender inequality. aims to address sex-selective abortion and the decreasing ratio of girls to boys in children, which was 918 for every 1,000 in 2011.

Yojana Sukanya Samriddhi: It was established in 2015 to improve girls' well-being and encourages parents to invest and save for their daughters' future expenses related to marriage and education.

CBSE's Udaan Scheme: The CBSE created UDAAN to close the educational gap between school education and engineering entrance examinations and the low number of female students enrolled in top engineering institutes.


Who first established National Girl Child Day?

Who established National Girl Child Day? The Ministry of Women and Child Development. This day was established by the Ministry of Women and Child Development to educate people about the rights that girls have, support the nation's girl children, and get rid of gender biases.






When was the first Girl Child Day celebrated?

In India, National Girl Child Day is observed on January 24 each year. In 2008, the Ministry of Women and Child Development established this day. The celebration of National Girl Child Day aims to bring attention to the discrimination and inequality that girl children face.


Which holiday celebrates girls as children?


January 24: Without the presence of a young girl, the world could stop. Consequently, National Girl Child Day is observed annually on January 24 to advocate for the rights, education, health, and nutrition of girls nationwide.






Why is Girl Child Day necessary?

This year marks the 10th anniversary of the day, and its goal was to stand up for and with girls, who are more susceptible to violence and discrimination from the moment they breathe than boys. Her potential is comparable to that of a boy, but it is not always valued or nurtured.


How powerful is a girl child?


The Girl Child has great power. She has aspirations and abilities that, if utilized, will challenge the patriarchal society in which she finds herself. She can anticipate; She is knowledgeable; She was born to lead.




The social acceptance of this new legislation, the Prohibition of Child Marriage Amendment Bill, which would be far more effective than coercive methods, and a massive public awareness campaign on increasing the age of marriage are essential.


The findings of the NFHS also serve as a reminder of the critical need to address the nutritional status of women and children as well as the disparities in girls' education.


Source:- pib





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