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It is also called salmonellosis and an infection with salmonella bacteria.

Updated: Dec 12, 2022

What's the Salmonella?

It is also called salmonellosis and an infection with salmonella bacteria, commonly caused by contaminated food or water.

What's the is most common among children?

Salmonella is most common among children. People with compromised immune systems, such as older adults, babies and people with AIDS, are more likely to have severe cases.

Treatable by a medical professional

Requires a medical diagnosis

Lab tests or imaging often required

Spreads through contaminated food or water

How does it spread?

Through contaminated food or water.

Note:- For informational purposes only. Consult your local medical authority for advice.

What's the treatment consists of fluids?

Most people only need fluids to recover in less than a week. Severe infections may require medical care, including IV fluids and sometimes antibiotics.

What's salmonellosis caused by?

Salmonellosis is an infection with a bacteria called Salmonella, Salmonella live in the intestinal tracts of animals, including birds.

When usually Salmonella transmitted?

Salmonella are usually transmitted to humans by eating foods contaminated with animal feces. Every year, approximately 40,000 cases of salmonellosis are reported in the United States.

How does illness people get from Salmonella infection?

Most types of Salmonella cause an illness called salmonellosis, which is the focus of this website. Some other types of Salmonella cause typhoid fever or paratyphoid fever.

What's symptoms of infection?

Most people with Salmonella infection have diarrhea, fever, and stomach cramps.

Symptoms usually begin six hours to six days after infection and last four to seven days. However, some people do not develop symptoms for several weeks after infection and others experience symptoms for several weeks.

Salmonella strains sometimes cause infection in urine, blood, bones, joints, or the nervous system (spinal fluid and brain), and can cause severe disease.

How's Salmonella infection diagnosed?

Salmonella infection is diagnosed when a laboratory test detects Salmonella bacteria in a person’s stool (poop), body tissue, or fluids.

How's infection treated?

Most people recover from Salmonella infection within four to seven days without antibiotics. People who are sick with a Salmonella infection should drink extra fluids as long as diarrhea lasts.

What's the Antibiotic treatment?

People with severe illness

People with a weakened immune system, such as from HIV infection or chemotherapy treatment

Adults older than 50 who have medical problems, such as heart disease

Infants (children younger than 12 months).

Adults age 65 or older

Can infection cause long-term health problems?

Most people with diarrhea caused by Salmonella recover completely, although some people’s bowel habits (frequency and consistency of poop) may not return to normal for a few months.

Some people with Salmonella infection develop pain in their joints, called reactive arthritis, after the infection has ended.

Reactive arthritis can last for months or years and can be difficult to treat. Some people with reactive arthritis develop irritation of the eyes and pain when urinating.

How do people get infected?

Salmonella live in the intestines of people and animals. People can get Salmonella infection from a variety of sources, including.

What's the source People can get Salmonella?

Eating contaminated food or drinking contaminated water

Touching infected animals, their feces, or their environment

Who more likely to get an infection and severe illness?

Children under 5 years old are the most likely to get a Salmonella infection.

Infants (children younger than 12 months)

who are not breast fed are more likely to get a Salmonella infection?

Infants, adults aged 65 and older, and people with a weakened immune system are the most likely to have severe infections.

People taking certain medicines (for example, stomach acid reducers) are at increased risk of infection.

What should I know about antibiotic resistance and Salmonella?

Resistance to essential antibiotics is increasing in Salmonella.

which can limit treatment options for people with severe infections. One way to slow down the development of antibiotic resistance is by appropriate use of antibiotics.

What's to prevent antibiotic resistance and resistant bacteria?

Appropriate use of antibiotics in people and animals (use only when needed and exactly as prescribed) can help prevent antibiotic resistance and the spread of resistant bacteria.

How common is Salmonella infection?

CDC estimates Salmonella cause about 1.35 million illnesses, 26,500 hospitalizations, and 420 deaths in the United States every year.

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