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Jayaprakash Narayan: he was a political, theoretic, & activist for Indian independence.




Jayaprakash Narayan: Jayaprakash Narayan was a political, theoretic, and activist for Indian independence. He was also known as JP or Lok Nayak, which means "People's leader" in Hindi. On October 11, 1902, he was born, and on October 8, 1979, he passed away. He is remembered for leading the opposition to Prime Minister Indira Gandhi's overthrow in the middle of the 1970s, for whom he had called for a "total revolution." Jayaprakash is a biography written by Rambriksh Benipuri, a Hindi writer and nationalist. He was awarded the highest civilian honor in India, the Bharat Ratna, in 1999 in recognition of his contributions to society. Other awards include the 1965 Magsaysay Award for Public Service.


About Jayaprakash Narayan:-

In the town of Sitabdiara in the Saran locale of the past Bengal Administration of English India (presently the Saran region is in Bihar), Jayaprakash Narayan was conceived. Sitabdiara is a large village that spans three districts and two states, Saran and Bhojpur in Bihar and Ballia in Uttar Pradesh. The flood-prone banks of the Ghaghara River were close to his residence. The family was eventually forced to move a few kilometers away to a community that is now known as Jay Prakash Nagar and is located in Uttar Pradesh. Every time the river was swollen, the house would eventually suffer minor damage.


His upbringing: He was born a Kayastha. He was Phul Rani Devi and Harsu Dayal's fourth child. His father, Harsu Dayal, was a junior officer in the State government's Canal Department and traveled the region frequently. When Narayan was nine years old, he left his village to attend the collegiate school in Patna's seventh grade. He had never previously left the village. JP resided in a dorm where the majority of the boys were a little older, Saraswati Bhawan. A portion of Bihar's future chiefs were available, including the state's most memorable boss pastor Krishna Singh, his delegate Anugrah Narayan Sinha, and various others who might proceed to turn out to be notable figures in legislative issues and the scholarly community.


When Narayan wed Prabhavati Devi in October 1918, she was the older daughter of Braj Kishore Prasad and an independent freedom fighter. Prabhavati accepted Gandhi's invitation to live with him at Sabarmati Ashram (Ahmedabad) because it was difficult for Narayan's wife to live with him after their wedding because he worked in Patna. Jayaprakash went to a lecture by Maulana Abul Kalam Azad about Gandhi's non-cooperation movement against the Rowlatt Act of 1919 with a few friends. Jayaprakash was “swept away and briefly lifted to the skies” when the Maulana, a master orator, urged people to stop studying English. His inner being was shaped by the fleeting feeling of riding high on a great idea. With just 20 days left until his tests, Jayaprakash accepted Maulana's recommendation to heart and left Bihar Public School. Jayaprakash joined Anugraha Narayan Sinha's first class when he enrolled in the Bihar Vidyapeeth, which was founded by Rajendra Prasad.


Education: After completing the Vidyapeeth courses, Jayaprakash decided to continue his education in the United States. At 20 years old, Prabhavati remained at Sabarmati, and Jayaprakash boarded the freight transport, Janus. On October 8, 1922, Jayaprakash showed up in California. In January 1923, he was accepted to Berkeley. In addition to picking grapes, laying them out to dry, packing fruits at a canning factory, washing dishes, selling lotions, and teaching to support his education, Jayaprakash worked as a mechanic at a garage and a slaughterhouse. Through each of these jobs, Jayaprakash gained insight into the struggles of the working class. Jayaprakash attended UC Berkeley for a semester to study chemistry before being required to transfer to The University of Iowa due to an increase in tuition. Afterward, he was constrained to move to various colleges. With the assistance of Professor Edward Ross, he took sociology, his favorite subject, for his classes.


Jayaprakash was first introduced to Karl Marx's Das Kapital in Wisconsin. After hearing about the Bolsheviks' victory in the Russian Civil War, Jayaprakash decided that Marxism was the best way to alleviate the suffering of the masses. He read widely from crafted by Indian scholarly and communist scholar M. N. Roy. His paper, titled Cultural Variation, was the best sociology paper of the year. He holds an M.A. in Sociology from the University of Wisconsin and a B.A. in Behavioral Science from Ohio State University.





Awards include the posthumous Bharat Ratna in 1999 for Public Affairs.

Ichalkaranj Ramon Magsaysay Award, 1965, from the FIE Foundation, and the Rashtrabhushan Award for Public Service.


Death: Narayan passed away in Patna, Bihar, on October 8, 1979, three days before he would have turned 77. He had heart disease and diabetes complications. Indian Prime Minister Morarji Desai sparked a national mourning wave that included the suspension of parliament and regular radio broadcasts, as well as the closing of schools and businesses, after erroneously declaring his death in March 1979 while he was still in the hospital. He smiled when he found out about the mistake a few weeks later.


Political Life of JP Narayan: In the latter half of 1929, Narayan returned to India from the United States as a Marxist. He accepted an invitation to join the Indian National Congress, where he was mentored by Mahatma Gandhi. He lived in Kadam Kuan, Patna, with his close friend and nationalist Ganga Sharan Singh (Sinha), with whom he had the warmest and longest friendship. He got a lot of attention during the Quit India movement. Because of his participation in the civil disobedience movement against British rule in 1930, Narayan was imprisoned in Nasik Jail. He met Ram Manohar Lohia, Minoo Masani, Achyut Patwardhan, Ashok Mehta, Basawon Singh, Yusuf Desai, and C K Narayanaswami there. Other national leaders were also among his friends.


Following his delivery, the Acharya Narendra Deva-drove Congress Communist Coalition (CSP), a left-inclining group inside the party, was laid out with Narayan filling in as broad secretary. When Mahatma Gandhi started the Quit India Movement in August 1942 with the intention of starting an underground freedom movement, Yogendra Shukla, Jayaprakash Narayan, Suraj Narayan Singh, Gulab Chand Gupta, Pandit Ramnandan Mishra, Shaligram Singh, and Shyam Barthwar scaled the wall of Hazaribagh Central Jail. Shyam Barthwar was the leader of the group. The underground movement attracted many young socialist leaders, including Chhotubhai Puranik, Aruna Asaf Ali, and Ram Manohar Lohia. Yogendra Shukla carried Jayaprakash Narayan 124 kilometers (approximately 56 miles) to Gaya because of his illness. Anugrah Smarak Nidhi, also known as the Anugrah Narayan Memorial Fund, was the chairman of the organization. From 1947 to 1953, Jayaprakash Narayan was in charge of the All India Railwaymen's Federation, the largest labor union in the Indian Railways.


All out Transformation and Bihar Development

In the last part of the 1960s, Narayan rose to noticeable quality again in state legislative issues. 1974 was a year set apart by high expansion, high joblessness, and a lack of provisions and necessities. Gujarat's Nav Nirman Andolan development mentioned Jayaprakash to coordinate a peaceful dissent. in response to Jayaprakash Narayan's demand for the dissolution of the Bihar assembly and his call for social justice. The JP movement, also known as the Bihar Movement, was a political movement against corruption that was started in 1974 by students in the Indian state of Bihar. It was driven by veteran Gandhian communist Jayaprakash Narayan, otherwise called JP. Afterward, it moved to go against the focal government drove by State head Indira Gandhi. It was also known as the Sampoorna Kranti (Total Revolution Movement) and the JP Movement.


During the Emergency, the Allahabad High Court found Indira Gandhi guilty of violating electoral laws. Narayan requested that the military and police dismiss unlawful and indecent orders and that Indira and the CMs leave. He advocated a program for social change that he referred to as Sampoorna Kranti—literally, "total revolution." On June 25, 1975, Gandhi then declared a national emergency at midnight. Desai, opposition leaders, and dissidents from her own party were all detained on that day. 100,000 individuals accumulated at the Ramlila grounds to hear Jayaprakash Narayan loudly discuss the flawlessly suggestive sonnet "Singhasan Khaali Karo Ke Janata Aaati Hai" by Rashtrakavi Ramdhari Singh "Dinkar". Indeed, even after Narayan mentioned one-month parole to assist with assembling aid ventures in overflowed regions, he was kept in detainment at Chandigarh.





On October 24, his health suddenly deteriorated. He was determined to have kidney disappointment at Jaslok Emergency clinic in Bombay and delivered on November 12; He would require dialysis throughout his entire life. The "Free JP" campaign for Jayaprakash Narayan's release in the UK was started by Surur Hoda and is led by Noel Baker, a winner of the Nobel Peace Prize. On January 18, 1977, Indira Gandhi announced the crisis to be finished and called for races. The Janata Party was established as a vehicle for the diverse Indira Gandhi opposition under JP's direction. The Janata Party won the election and established the first non-Congress central government. Numerous young people joined the JP movement upon Narayan's call.



Frequently Asked Questions About Jayaprakash Narayan: What exactly is the movement known as Jayaprakash Narayan?

The JP movement, also known as the Bihar Movement, was a political movement against misrule and corruption in the state government that was started in 1974 by students in the Indian state of Bihar and was led by veteran Gandhian socialist Jayaprakash Narayan, also known as JP.


Who goes by Lok Nayak?

Jay Prakash Narayan is the one who goes by the name Lok Nayak. Jay Prakash Narayan, who was born in Bihar, was one of the leaders of the Indian national movement. His political career lasted well after India gained independence.


When was Stopped India Development began?

Mohandas Gandhi started the Quit India Movement, also known as the August Movement, on August 8, 1942, during the World War II, at the Bombay session of the All India Congress Committee to demand an end to British rule in India.


Who established the Indian Socialist Party?

When the Socialist Party, led by Jayprakash Narayan, Acharya Narendra Deva, Ramvriksh Benipuri, and Basawon Singh (Sinha), merged with the Kisan Mazdoor Praja Party, led by J.B. Kripalani, who was once close to Jawaharlal Nehru, it was formed.


Who was Iron Lady one time?

Margaret Thatcher, the first female British prime minister, was known by her nickname, "Iron Lady," from 1925 to 2013.


Why Indira Gandhi known as iron woman?

Indira Gandhi, the former prime minister, was well-known for her extreme ruthlessness when it came to policies that centralized power. Maybe she expected to have that mentality when she assumed control over the Congress party and changed the party's symbol from "Cow and Calf" to "Hand". She lived up to their expectations of her as a lady with an iron fist, and the hand represented her nature.


What was the socialist party's ideology?

The majority of these parties, statistically speaking, hold the ideological positions of democratic socialism, social democracy, or even the Third Way. Numerous Communist Factions have unequivocal associations with the work development and worker's organizations.


What is Sarvodaya Plan?

Narayan took a break from electoral politics in 1954 to devote himself to the Sarvodaya movement, which was founded on Gandhian principles, and Vinoba Bhave's Bhoodan Yajna Movement, which called for the distribution of land among the landless. Alongside farming, the arrangement put areas of strength for an on little cotton-related businesses and pushed mechanical freedom. Reforms to the land were also emphasized.


What is the Sarvodaya idea?

Sarvodaya signifies 'progress of all' or 'General inspire'. This Sarvodaya movement, which Gandhi started, is seen as a complement to his nonviolence efforts.





Jayaprakash Narayan

Conceived - 11 October 1902

Kicked the bucket - 8 October 1979

Accomplishments - Jayaprakash Narayan was a political dissident and political head of India. Narayan, more commonly referred to as JP, was a key figure in the Quit India movement and gained a lot of fame and respect for it. JP led the agitation during the 1942 Quit India Movement as well.


Jayaprakash was an Indian political dissident and political head of India. Narayan is remembered for leading the opposition to Indira Gandhi in the 1970s, when he was affectionately referred to as JP by his allies. Jayaprakash Narayan's political career is chronicled in this biography. He was born in the village of Sitabdiara in the Saran district of Bihar. Being a brilliant understudy, he proceeded to finish his BA and Mama in governmental issues and social science from the US in 1922.


Jayaprakash Narayan studied political science, sociology, and economics at Berkeley, Iowa, Wisconsin, and Ohio State after arriving in the United States. During his time studying at the University of Wisconsin at Madison, Marxism really impressed him. The thoughts and compositions of M.N. Roy likewise similarly intrigued him. Be that as it may, monetary issues and his mom's wellbeing made him surrender his fantasies about getting a PhD.


It was while Narayan was getting back to India that he had the opportunity to meet progressives like Rajani Palme Dutt in London returning to India. As a result, in 1929, upon receiving an invitation from Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, he joined the Indian National Congress. The great Mahatma Gandhi was Jayaprakash Narayan's mentor and guide in the years to come. Narayan was imprisoned and tormented by the English powers a few times during the battle for Freedom.


Jayaprakash Narayan gained a lot of fame and respect for his role in the Quit India movement. JP wed freedom fighter Prabhavati Devi, a Kasturba Gandhi follower. When Jayaprakash Narayan was studying abroad, she lived at the Sabarmati Ashram. Her husband always respected her independence, despite the fact that she fostered perspectives that were in opposition to JP's.


When Jayaprakash Narayan was incarcerated in 1932 as a result of the civil disobedience movement, he had meetings with Minoo Masani, Ashok Mehta, Yusuf Desai, and other national leaders. The Congress Socialist Party was founded following JP's release from jail. JP was chosen to be its general secretary, and Acharya Narendra Deva was chosen to be its President. JP was once more in charge of the Quit India Movement in 1942.


Jayaprakash Narayan, Acharya Narendra Dev, and Basawon Singh directed the CSP to form the first opposition Socialist Party after Gandhiji's death and independence. This unit later on took the title Praja Communist Coalition. Achievements - Jayaprakash Narayan was a freedom fighter and political leader of India. Basawon Singh was the first opposition leader in the state and assembly of Bihar, and Acharya Narendra Deva was the first opposition leader in the state and assembly of Uttar Pradesh. Narayan, more commonly referred to as JP, was a key figure in the Quit India movement and gained a lot of fame and respect for it. JP led the agitation during the 1942 Quit India Movement as well.


Jayaprakash was an Indian political dissident and political head of India. Narayan is remembered for leading the opposition to Indira Gandhi in the 1970s, when he was affectionately referred to as JP by his allies. Jayaprakash Narayan's political career is chronicled in this biography. He was born in the village of Sitabdiara in the Saran district of Bihar. Being a brilliant understudy, he proceeded to finish his BA and Mama in governmental issues and social science from the US in 1922.





Jayaprakash Narayan studied political science, sociology, and economics at Berkeley, Iowa, Wisconsin, and Ohio State after arriving in the United States. During his time studying at the University of Wisconsin at Madison, Marxism really impressed him. The thoughts and compositions of M.N. Roy likewise similarly intrigued him. Be that as it may, monetary issues and his mom's wellbeing made him surrender his fantasies about getting a PhD.


It was while Narayan was getting back to India that he had the opportunity to meet progressives like Rajani Palme Dutt in London returning to India. As a result, in 1929, upon receiving an invitation from Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, he joined the Indian National Congress. The great Mahatma Gandhi was Jayaprakash Narayan's mentor and guide in the years to come. Narayan was imprisoned and tormented by the English powers a few times during the battle for Freedom.


Jayaprakash Narayan gained a lot of fame and respect for his role in the Quit India movement. JP wed freedom fighter Prabhavati Devi, a Kasturba Gandhi follower. When Jayaprakash Narayan was studying abroad, she lived at the Sabarmati Ashram. Her husband always respected her independence, despite the fact that she fostered perspectives that were in opposition to JP's.


When Jayaprakash Narayan was incarcerated in 1932 as a result of the civil disobedience movement, he had meetings with Minoo Masani, Ashok Mehta, Yusuf Desai, and other national leaders. The Congress Socialist Party was founded following JP's release from jail. JP was chosen to be its general secretary, and Acharya Narendra Deva was chosen to be its President. JP was once more in charge of the Quit India Movement in 1942.


Jayaprakash Narayan, Acharya Narendra Dev, and Basawon Singh directed the CSP to form the first opposition Socialist Party after Gandhiji's death and independence. This unit later on took the title Praja Communist Coalition. Some important frequently asked questions: Who was Jayaprakash Narayan? Acharya Narendra Deva was the first opposition leader in the state and assembly of Uttar Pradesh, and Basawon Singh was the first opposition leader in the state and assembly of Bihar.

Jayaprakash Narayan, also known as JP or Lok Nayak, was a political leader, theorist, socialist, and activist for Indian independence. He is remembered for leading the opposition to Prime Minister Indira Gandhi's overthrow in the middle of the 1970s, for which he had called for a "total revolution."


What exactly is the total revolution of Jayaprakash Narayan?

Narayan called for Indira and the CMs to leave and the military and police to ignore unlawful and unethical orders. Sampoorna kraanti, or "total revolution," was the name he gave to a plan for social change.


Which group was Jayaprakash Narayan in charge of?

He referred to it as the Sampurna Kranti Movement's Total Revolution. Fights and conclusion of schools and colleges likewise happened on 15 July. After that, some colleges opened, and exams were held. Although JP advised students to avoid examinations, a significant number took them.


Who is known as Lok Nayak?

Jai Prakash Narayan is known as Lok Nayak. He is also referred to as the "Hero of Quit India Movement." During Indira Gandhi's time, he initiated the Total Revolution, also known as the JP movement.


What is Jayaprakash Narayan's socialist party?

On May 17, 1934, JP Narayan called a meeting in Patna that established the Bihar Congress Socialist Party. He opposed socialism and Gandhi. Acharya Narendra Deva became the party's president, and Narayan became the party's general secretary.


Who came up with the idea of revolution?

"Unrest" in the feeling of addressing unexpected change in a social request is validated by no less than 1450. By 1688, political use of the term to describe William III's replacement for James II was well-established.




































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