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One of the most prominent figures in the Indian freedom struggle was Bhagat Singh.




Born: Shaheed Bhagat Singh Martyrdom on September 27, 1907: March 23, 1931 Successes: Established "Hindustan Samajvadi Prajatantra Sangha" with Chandrasekhar Azad to establish a republic in India, assassinated police official Saunders to avenge Lala Lajpat Rai's death, and dropped a bomb in the Central Legislative Assembly with Batukeshwar Dutt. Gave the revolutionary movement in India a new direction.


One of the most prominent figures in the Indian freedom struggle was Bhagat Singh. He was an innovator who was ahead of his time. He meant that there had to be a revolution because the current system, which is based on obvious injustice, had to change. Bhagat Singh was very interested in socialism after studying the European revolution. He realized that the socialist reconstruction of Indian society and the overthrow of British rule needed to be accompanied by workers gaining political power.


Sardar Bhagat Singh was critical of the individual terrorism that was prevalent among the revolutionary youth of his time and called for mass mobilization, despite being portrayed as a terrorist by the British. Bhagat Singh provided another guidance to the progressive development in India. Two things set him apart from his predecessors. First, he publicly declared his acceptance of atheism's logic. Second, revolutionaries had no concept of post-independence society prior to that time. They didn't want to come up with a political plan because their immediate objective was to destroy the British Empire. Because he was interested in studying and knew a lot about history, Bhagat Singh gave the revolutionary movement a goal other than getting rid of the British. A lucidity of vision and assurance of direction recognized Bhagat Singh from different heads of the Public Development. For the youth, he became the only alternative to Gandhi and the Indian National Congress.


In the Nawanshahar district of Punjab, Bhagat Singh was born into a Sikh family in the village of Khatkar Kalan. The area has now been renamed as Shaheed Bhagat Singh Nagar in his memory. He was the third child of Sardar Kishan Singh and Vidyavati. The Bhagat Singh family actively participated in the struggle for freedom. The Ghadr Party, which was founded in the United States to overthrow British rule in India, had members in his uncle Ajit Singh and father Kishan Singh. Young Bhagat Singh's mind was greatly influenced by his family, and he was raised to be a patriot.





In 1916, Bhagat Singh was attending the local D.A.V. School in Lahore when he met Lala Lajpat Rai and Ras Bihari Bose, two prominent political figures. In those days, Punjab was a political hotbed of controversy. In 1919, when Jalianwala Bagh slaughter occurred, Bhagat Singh was just 12 years of age. He was deeply disturbed by the massacre. Bhagat Singh went to Jalianwala Bagh the day after the massacre, collected soil there, and he kept it as a memento for the rest of his life. His resolve to drive the British out of India was strengthened by the massacre.


In 1921, Bhagat Singh left his school and actively participated in the movement in response to Mahatma Gandhi's call for non-cooperation against British rule. In 1922, when Mahatma Gandhi suspended Non-collaboration development against viciousness at Chauri-chaura in Gorakhpur, Bhagat was significantly disheartened. He lost faith in nonviolence, and he concluded that armed revolution was the only viable strategy for achieving freedom. Bhagat Singh enrolled in Lala Lajpat Rai's National College in Lahore to continue his education. He met revolutionaries like Bhagwati Charan, Sukhdev, and others at this college, which was a hub for revolutionary activities.


To keep away from early marriage, Bhagat Singh took off from home and went to Kanpur. He learned his first revolutionary lessons from a revolutionary named Ganesh Shankar Vidyarthi in this location. Bhagat Singh went back to his house after learning that his grandmother was ill. From his village, he carried on his revolutionary activities. He went to Lahore and founded the "Naujavan Bharat Sabha," a group of revolutionaries. In Punjab, he began disseminating the revolutionary message. He met Chandrasekhar Azad while attending a meeting of revolutionaries in Delhi in 1928. Hindustan Samajvadi Prajatantra Sangha was formed by the two of them. Its goal was to use an armed revolution to establish a republic in India.


A British group known as the Simon Commission visited India in February 1928. The visit was made to decide how much freedom and responsibility India's people could have. However, the committee lacked an Indian member. Indians were enraged by this, and they decided to avoid Simon Commission. While challenging Simon Commission in Lahore, Lala Lajpat Rai was fiercely Lathicharged and later on capitulated to wounds. Bhagat not set in stone to retaliate for Lajpat Rai's passing by shooting the English authority answerable for the killing, Representative Monitor General Scott. He mistook Assistant Superintendent Saunders for Scott and fired at him instead. In order for Bhagat Singh to avoid the death penalty, he had to leave Lahore.





The British government took more restrictive measures rather than identifying the root of Indians' discontent. The Defense of India Act gave the police more authority to arrest people who move or act suspiciously in order to stop procession. One vote prevented the Central Legislative Assembly from passing the Act. In the "interest of the public," it was to be enacted as an ordinance even then. During this time, Bhagat Singh, who had been hiding, offered to blow up the Central Legislative Assembly, where the meeting to pass the ordinance was taking place. It was a painstakingly spread out plot, not to cause passing or injury but rather to draw the consideration of the public authority, that the methods of its concealment could no more be endured. After the bomb was thrown, it was decided that Bhagat Singh and Batukeshwar Dutt would be detained in court.


While the Assembly was in session on April 8, 1929, Bhagat Singh and Batukeshwar Dutt detonated bombs in the Central Assembly Hall. Nobody was hurt by the bombs. Subsequent to tossing the bombs, Bhagat Singh and Batukeshwar Dutt, intentionally pursued capture by declining to take off from the scene. Bhagat Singh refused to hire a defense attorney during his trial. In prison, he went on hunger strike to fight the brutal treatment of individual political detainees by prison specialists. A special court sentenced Bhagat Singh, Sukh Dev, and Raj Guru to death on October 7, 1930. Bhagat Singh and his associates were hanged early on March 23, 1931, despite intense public pressure and numerous appeals from Indian political leaders.


































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