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Ram Manohar Lohia was born on March 23, 1910, in Akbarpur, Uttar Pradesh, to a wealthy family.

Biography of Ram Manohar Lohia: Born on: Born on March 23, 1910 in: On, Akbarpur, Uttar Pradesh Perished: 12 October 1967 Work: Socialist, political leader, and fighter for freedom Indian

A respected political dissident, a nonconformist communist and a regarded political pioneer are phrases that have for quite some time been yet are equivalent to Slam Manohar Lohia. Having been brought into the world in 1910 in the pre-autonomy period to a patriot on the most fundamental level dad, it didn't take him well before he entered the opportunity development. What's more, with Mahatma Gandhi as his tutor, he never avoided reality and worked his direction superbly through India's opportunity battle for freedom to post-autonomy social and monetary issues with an unswayed energy and devotion. Be it coordinating a little strike on the demise of Lokmanya Tilak or offering help to India's opportunity battle by partaking in the Satyagraha Development at ten years old; voicing his opposition to social problems such as the rich-poor divide, the end of the caste system, and gender inequality; addressing the youth about politics, literature, and the arts in his final years; He did everything. He died at the age of 57, but not before making a worthy contribution to the history and future of India. In honor of his memory, numerous colleges, universities, hospitals, and roads have been given his names.

Early Life

Child of Hira Lal and Chanda, Slam Manohar was brought into the world on 23rd Walk 1910 in Akbarpur, Uttar Pradesh in the English India. His mother, a teacher by training, passed away when he was a young child. Ram's nationalist father introduced him to India's freedom movement at various rallies and protest assemblies when he was young. When his father, a fervent supporter of Mahatma Gandhi, took him on a meeting with him, it marked the turning point in his life. Ram was greatly influenced by Gandhi's personality and beliefs, and he adopted his values and principles. This helped him get through difficult times and supported him in many of his future endeavors. He took part in the Satyagraha march when he was ten years old, demonstrating both his devotion to Mahatma Gandhi and his potential as a significant freedom fighter in the years to come.

He first met Jawaharlal Nehru in 1921, and they grew close over time. However, the two disagreed over a variety of issues and political convictions. In 1928, Lohia was just 18 years old when she organized a student protest to oppose the all-white Simon Commission, which was going to look into the possibility of giving India dominion status without consulting the Indian people. Lohia, on the other hand, did not give up on his education despite everything. After scoring first in his school's matriculation exams, he went to Banaras Hindu University to finish his intermediate course work. After that, in 1929, he got his B.A. degree from Calcutta University. He then went to Berlin University in Germany to get his PhD, which he got in 1932. He before long educated German and got monetary help in view of his exceptional scholastic presentation.

Ram Manohar Lohia's Ideologies Ram Manohar Lohia always preferred Hindi to English as India's official language because he thought English separated the educated from the uninformed. He stated that the use of English prevents original thought and instills a sense of alienation among those without formal education. He believed that using Hindi would foster ideas that would change the nation and foster unity. Chance is restricted by caste. Ability is restricted by limited opportunities. Ability limitations further limit opportunities. Opportunity and ability are restricted to ever-smaller groups of people in caste-based societies. These words from Ram Manohar accurately convey his thoughts regarding India's enduring caste system.

He was of the opinion that the caste system slows down thought processes and deprives the country of new ideas. Through "Roti and Beti (bread and daughter)," he proposed abolishing the caste system. He was of the opinion that the only way to eliminate the caste distinction was to bake bread (roti) together, eat together, and be willing to marry the girls (beti), regardless of the boy's caste. In the same vein, he promoted lower caste candidates and gave them tickets to higher positions in his United Socialist Party. Additionally, he desired to establish better government schools that would offer equal learning opportunities to all students, regardless of class.

Indian Freedom Movement His involvement in the freedom movement and spirit did not end with his youth stint. In fact, during his time in Europe, he also started a club called the Association of European Indians with the goal of spreading and maintaining Indian nationalism outside of India. He likewise went to the Class of Countries gathering in Geneva. Lohia objected to the fact that India was represented by the ally of the British Raj, the Maharaja of Bikaner. In addition, he protested from the visitors' gallery and sent a number of letters to newspaper and magazine editors to explain his position. Ram Manohar Lohia became an overnight sensation in India as a result of the entire incident. He joined the Indian National Congress party as soon as he returned to his home country, laying the groundwork for the 1934 Congress Socialist Party. He was appointed the first secretary of the All India Congress Committee by Jawahar Lal Nehru in 1936, which resulted in the establishment of the foreign affairs department and the development of India's foreign policy.

Lohia was detained for the first time on May 24, 1939, for making provocative statements and urging Indians to boycott all government institutions. However, the authorities released him the following day out of concern for a youth uprising. However, he was detained once more in June 1940 on suspicion of writing the article "Satyagraha Now," and he was sentenced to two years in prison, where he was subjected to mental torture and interrogation, before being released in December 1941. Ram Manohar was one of many secondary leaders who worked hard during the 1942 Quit India Movement to keep the commoners' passion for an independent India alive; when a number of important leaders, including Mahatma Gandhi, Nehru, Maulana Azad, and Vallabhbhai Patel, were sentenced to prison.

After that, Lohia was detained twice, once in Bombay, where he was taken to a prison in Lahore and brutally tortured there; And once he arrived in Goa, he made the decision to deliver a speech opposing the Portuguese government's policy after learning that the people there had been denied their right to free speech and assembly. Through his writings and speeches, he also strongly opposed the partition of India into two parts as the country neared independence. He pleaded with the nation to oppose the acts of violence that had engulfed the country as a result of partition, adopting the non-violent philosophy of Mahatma Gandhi. He stood by his mentor as he wept over the consequences of an unwelcome partition on August 15, 1947, when the entire nation of India gathered in Delhi.

After Independence His post-independence work to rebuild the country and keep it strong was just as common as his contribution as a freedom fighter during India's independence struggle. He advocated for the public's more direct involvement in and contribution to the nation's reconstruction through the construction of roads, canals, and wells in each neighborhood. The Janavani Day, a day when parliamentarians listen to people's complaints and points of view from all over the country; persists to this day. The debate of "youngster anna pandrah anna", when Slam Manohar composed a leaflet "25000 rupees in a day" expressing that how much cash spent on top state leader Jawahar Lal Nehru was far beyond what our nation could manage when greater part of the populace lived on 3 annas every day, is popular even today. Nehru snapped back, stating that the statistics from India's planning commission showed that the average daily income was close to 15 annas.

Lohia brought to light a number of issues that had been consuming the nation and its capacity for success for a long time. He put in a lot of effort through writing and speech to raise awareness of issues like the rich-poor gap, caste inequality, and inequality between men and women while maintaining personal privacy. Lohia established the Hind Kisan Panchayat so that India's farmers could find solutions to their problems because agriculture was the country's primary source of GDP at the time. In addition, he planned to centralize the government in an effort to give the people more power. The majority of his time in his final years was spent conversing with the nation's younger generation about politics, Indian literature, and the arts.

Death on October 12th, 1967; at 57 years old Slam Manohar Lohia kicked the bucket in New Delhi.

People realized Ram Manohar Lohia's efforts for a united and free India after his death, so his contribution did not go unnoticed. After his passing; He was entrusted with a lot of nobility. His name is Dr. Rammanohar Lohiya National Law University, which is one of the best law schools in India and is in Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh. In addition, there is a hospital named Dr. Rammanohar Lohia Hospital that has been established in his honor in New Delhi. An upcoming postgraduate medical school in Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, is the Dr. Ram Manohar Lohia Institute of Medical Sciences. In addition, Bangalore University's Dr. Rammanohar Lohia College of Law has been named in his honor. In addition, Panjim, Goa's "18 June Road" is named after him in honor of his 1946 agitation against colonial rule.

1910 Timeline: Born in Akbarpur, Uttar Pradesh, to Hira Lal and Chanda.

1921: took part in the Satyagraha March, which was led by Mahatma Gandhi.

1928: Coordinated an understudy challenge the all-white Simon Commission.

1929: Finished his graduation in B.A from Calcutta College.

1932: a doctorate from Berlin University in Germany.

1934: established the Congress Socialist Party's foundation.

1936: elected to serve as the All India Congress Committee's first secretary.

1939: Captured for giving brutal discourses and requesting that individuals blacklist government foundations.

1940: For his article "Satyagraha Now," he was arrested once more.

1942: volunteered for the Quit India Movement.

1944: He was seized and taken to a Lahore jail, where he was tortured.

1947: was one of the numerous leaders in New Delhi on August 15th.

1962: asked India to make a bomb shortly after the Chinese invasion, shocking everyone.

1963: The "teen anna pandrah anna controversy" was sparked by his pamphlet "25000 rupees in a day."

1967: died in New Delhi at the age of 57.

A few facts about Dr. Ram Manohar Lohia: Ram Manohar Lohia was born on March 23, 1910, in Akbarpur, Uttar Pradesh, to a wealthy family. Since his mother passed away when he was only two years old, he was raised by his father, Hiralal.

He did very well in school and came in first place on the matriculation test. In 1929, he graduated with a BA from the University of Calcutta. Lohia then attended Frederick William University, which is now known as Humboldt University of Berlin in Germany. He earned a PhD in national economy there. The topic of his doctoral dissertation was salt taxes in India.

When Lohia wrote letters to several European news agencies criticizing the Maharaja of Bikaner, who represented India in the League of Nations, he gained the attention of Indian political circles.

He joined the Indian National Congress upon his return to India. Additionally, he was a major contributor to the Congress Socialist Party's founding. He was given the first position of Secretary in the department of foreign affairs for the All India Congress Committee (AICC).

He was detained in 1940 for giving speeches against the war.

Lohia partook in the Quit India crusade.

He was taken into custody once more in 1944, and he spent time in Lahore Prison before being freed in April 1946.

He strongly opposed the country's division. He devoted his life to Mahatma Gandhi.

Lohia rose to prominence as a political figure after the nation gained independence. He was one of the first to propose uniting princely states into states.

Lohia advocated for Hindi to be used as India's official language. "The use of English is a hindrance to original thought, a progenitor of feelings of inferiority, and a gap between the educated and the public," he wrote himself. Let us band together to bring Hindi back to its original splendor.

He urged the populace to volunteerly participate in the construction of roads, canals, and wells because he was aware of the obstacle poverty would pose to development and the establishment of a strong nation.

He was well-known for his opposition to upper-caste dominance and played a key role in securing a 60 percent reservation of seats in the legislature for members of the backward classes, minorities, and women.

Additionally, he desired that everyone, regardless of class or caste, receive an education in upgraded government schools and wanted to eliminate private schools from the country. He accepted this would annihilate divisions in the public eye.

Some members of the political establishment did not like him because of his pro-reservation and anti-English policies. In a pamphlet titled "25,000 rupees in a day," he wrote that the money spent on the PM on a single day was significantly more than what India could afford at the time. He also did not shy away from criticizing the Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru who was in office at the time.

Lohia also supported the liberation of Goa from Portuguese rule and the overthrow of despotic rule in Nepal.

He was against the Congress in his final years because he thought that different political parties needed to come to power and that too much power in one party was bad for the country.

Lohia passed on in New Delhi matured 57.

Some important frequently asked questions: How did Ram Manohar Lohia influence Indian politics?

Currently delivered toward the finish of 1941, Lohia became one of the main figures of the Focal Directorate which secretly attempted to arrange the Quit India revolt, ignited by Gandhi in August 1942.

Is Dr Smash Manohar Lohia Emergency clinic government or private?

Dr. Ram Manohar Lohia Hospital and Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, New Delhi, India, a central government hospital.

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