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Rani Gaidinliu deserves great honour & recognition due to her bravery and commitment to her nation.




Rani Gaidinliu


Born - 26 January 1915

Died - 17 February 1993


Accomplishments - Rani Gaidinliu from Manipur was a dauntless Indian political dissident who joined the disturbance at 13 years old and headed the development against the English in the Manipur and Naga belts. In 1993, she was given the prestigious Padma Bhushan by the Indian government.


Born in the Manipur village of Nangkao, Rani Gaidinliu was an active Indian freedom fighter who joined the agitation when she was 13 years old. She was the driving force behind an inspiring social and political movement to drive the British out of the Naga and Manipur belts. Rani Gaidinliu was 16 when he was arrested in 1932 and sentenced to life in prison. After India's independence in 1947, she was only able to be released from jail. Read this biography to learn more about Rani Gaidinliu's life story.


That Rani Gaidinliu was a magnetic young lady was obvious from an early age. While she was only 13, she became unsettled seeing the predominant social and political atmosphere in the slopes of Manipur under the English impact. She met prominent local leader Haipou Jadonang at Puilon Village at this time, and she launched the revolutionary movement against the British in 1927, influenced by his ideas and principles. However, Haipou was detained by the British and executed in 1931, just as this agitation was beginning to gain sufficient momentum to strike.


Rani was now in charge of directing the agitation in the Manipur and Naza hill regions from this point forward. Rani Gaidinliu immediately went underground following this incident. However the English declared a prize of Rs 500 to anyone who might illuminate them about her whereabouts, the whole town stood together on the side of Rani. But in October 1932, she was finally pursued on her own. Rani Gaidinliu was put under life detainment for taking up arms against the English.


Even after she was released from prison in 1947, Rani Gaidinliu continued to advocate for her people's welfare. She even started a resistance movement in 1966 against the insurgents led by the Naga National Council (NNC), which forced her to go underground. Gaidinliu was regarded by everyone for her job as a political dissident and was likewise respected with the renowned Padma Bhushan in 1993. In her recognition, the Public authority of India even gave a postal stamp.


RANI GAIDINLIU TRIBAL FREEDOM FIGHTERS: Rani Gaidiliu was one of the few female political leaders who proved to have extraordinary fortitude throughout the colonial period of her country's history despite the difficulties she encountered. She was brought into the world on January 26, 1915, in the Manipur town of Nungkao, to Lothonang Pamei and Kachaklenliu, and experienced childhood in Nungkao. When she was 13 years old, she became involved with freedom fighter and religious leader Haipou Jadonang. Rani Gaidinliu was a well known political dissident from the Tamenglong Locale of Manipur. We learn more about the Rani Gaidinliu and Rani Gaidiliu Husband from this article.


Early Life and Vocation

Gaidinliu didn't have proper training because of the shortage of instructive open doors in the area. Her revolutionary career began in 1927 when she joined forces with her cousin Haipou Jadonang to lead the Heraka Movement, which aimed to revive the Naga Tribal religion. When she was 17 years old, she became the leader of this anti-British campaign, which brought an end to her arrest and 14 years in prison.





The Heraka Movement is a social movement that started in Japan in the 1960s. Gaidinliu started the Heraka Movement when she was thirteen years old, under the guidance of her mentor, her cousin Haipou Jadonang. Jadonang started the drive to lay out Naga self-rule and the resistance to the transformation of Nagas to Christianity. It was a revolutionary project against the British Empire in addition to being a progressive religious movement that was anti-British. In his portrayal of the development, Gaidinliu said that the objective was to "change obsolete strict practices to upgrade the development planned at killing the English from power." Jadonang became so popular with the Zeliangrong Nagas that the British saw him as a major threat to their power in Manipur's various regions. During a fictitious trial, he was apprehended and hanged in 1931.


The Ascension of Rani Gaidinliu and the Reactions That Followed Gaidinliu was Jadonang's successor, and as such, she was now in charge of the overall direction of the movement. At 17 years old, she courageously directed numerous guerrilla troops in their battle against the English, and she turned into a focal point of the English powers. She asked the inhabitants of Zeliangrong to decline to pay demands and to decline to team up with the English. They banded together and refused to cooperate with the British, who punished the villagers with a number of harsh measures, including joint fines imposed by the police and Assam Rifles.


The English military mounted a quest for her, constraining her to crawl under a rock. She traversed Assam, Nagaland, and Manipur, halting in a few networks. The British government announced that the person who provided the information about her would receive monetary rewards as well as a 10-year tax exemption.


Dreading for their lives because of her rising ubiquity and rebellious mentality, the English government sent a unique Assam Rifles unit under Chief MacDonald to hold onto Gaidinliu. Gaidinliu and her allies were supposed to be positioned in a village named Pulomi, as per a knowledge report got by the police. To deceive the rebels and make Gaidinliu and her supporters believe they were safe, the Captain sent his troops in the opposite direction.


On October 17, 1932, British soldiers made a surprise assault on Gaidinliu's village and captured her and her supporters without a fight. She was transported by foot from Kohima to Imphal, where she was charged. She was viewed as at fault for homicide and supporting and abetting murder, and she was condemned to life detainment subsequent to being seen as blameworthy. During her time in prison, the majority of her close friends were either killed or imprisoned. In 1937, Jawaharlal Nehru saw her in Shillong Prison and committed to work for her opportunity.


Legacy of Rani Gaidinliu, Because of her bravery and dedication to her nation, Rani Gaidinliu is deserving of a great deal of honor and recognition. Because of the anti-Christian bias of the Heraka movement, the heroism of Gaidinliu was underappreciated in the Naga community. The majority of Nagas were Christians by the 1960s. Additionally, since she was seen to be near the Indian government, the Naga patriotism parties didn't recognize her. Her boldness, penance, and enthusiasm, then again, can't be addressed, considering that she was just thirteen when she started to lead the pack in the fight for autonomy from unfamiliar specialists.


Conclusion

Rani Gaidinliu connected the struggle of her people to the Indian liberation movement as a whole, which she dubbed "the Indian freedom struggle." She saw the struggle for independence of the Naga people as an essential part of India's overall struggle for independence. In addition, she worked to spread Gandhi Ji's message throughout Manipur. Her identity as a patriotic American was intertwined with her spiritual leadership position as a pioneer of the socio-religious movement. She used the national efforts of Mahatma Gandhi to inspire her people to revolt against the British.





Frequently Asked Questions: Who gave Gaidinliu the title of Rani?

In 1937, Jawaharlal Nehru met her at the Shillong Jail and said he would work for her release. Nehru gave her the title of "Rani" ("Sovereign"), and she acquired neighborhood prominence as Rani Gaidinliu.


What was Rani Gaidinliu's action?

Gaidinliu was brought into the world on January 26, 1915, in present-day Tamenglong locale of Manipur and kicked the bucket in 1993. The spiritual and political leader of the Naga people who led an armed rebellion against the British in Manipur, Nagaland, and Assam was a member of the Rongmei tribe, which is also known as the Kabui.


Is Rani Gaidinliu a libertarian?

She was born in Nungkao, Manipur, on January 26, 1915, to Lothonang Pamei and Kachaklenliu, and she spent her childhood there. When she was 13 years old, she became involved with freedom fighter and religious leader Haipou Jadonang. Rani Gaidinliu was a well known political dissident from the Tamenglong Locale of Manipur.


Why did Jawaharlal Nehru refer to Gaidinliu as the "Rainbow Queen"?

In 1937, Jawaharlal Nehru met Gaidinliu in Shillong and promised to work for her release. She was at last delivered in 1947, after India's freedom, on first state head Jawaharlal Nehru's requests. Gaidinliu was dubbed "Rani" by Nehru for her bravery, and he called her the "daughter of the hills."


Who is Manipur's fighter for freedom?

On this battlefield, numerous rank and file Manipuri warriors, including Major Paona Brajabasi, Chinglen Sana, Khumbong Major, Loitongba Jamadar, Keisa Jamadar, and Heirang Khongja, gave their lives for freedom.


When was Rani Gaidinliu granted Padma Bhushan?

In 1981, Rani Gaidinliu received the prestigious Padma Bhushan award for her social work. In 1972, she received the "Tamrapatra Freedom Fighter Award," and in 1983, she received the "Vivekananda Seva Award."










































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