Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan Conceived: Died on September 5, 1888: 17 April 1975 Highlights: First VP and second Leader of India. put Indian philosophy on the map of the world.
Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan served as India's first Vice President and second President. He was likewise a thinker and presented the reasoning of western optimist logicians into Indian idea. His birthday is celebrated in India as Teacher's Day because he was a well-known educator.
On September 5, 1888, Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan was born into a poor Brahmin family in Tirutani, Madras. Radhakrishnan used scholarships to pay for most of his education because his father was poor. Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan attended Gowdie School in Tiruvallur for his primary education and the Lutheran Mission School in Tirupati for his secondary education. He started out at Vellore's Voorhee's College and later went to Madras Christian College. He majored in philosophy and earned both his B.A. and M.A. degrees in the field.
Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan accepted an assistant lectureship at the Madras Presidency College in 1909 after earning his master's degree. He mastered the Upanishads, Bhagvad Gita, Brahmasutra, and commentaries of Sankara, Ramunuja, and Madhava while he was in college. In addition, he learned about Buddhist and Jain philosophy as well as Western philosophers like Kant, Bradley, and Bergson.
In 1918, Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan was chosen as Teacher of Reasoning by the College of Mysore. Radhakrishnan was selected as Calcutta University's Professor of Philosophy in 1921. "Indian Philosophy," written by Dr. Radhakrishnan, was published in 1923. The book was hailed as a "philosophical work of art and a scholarly magnum opus."
Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan was asked to teach Hindu philosophy at Oxford University. He involved his talks as a stage to additional India's reason for opportunity. He also argued that, despite their purported objectivity, Western philosophers were skewed by cultural theological influences. He demonstrated that, once translated into academic jargon, Indian philosophy is worthy of being referred to as philosophy in accordance with Western standards. As a result, he put Indian philosophy on the map.
Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan was appointed Andhra University's Vice Chancellor in 1931. Radhakrishnan was appointed vice chancellor of Benaras Hindu University in 1939. He was given the position of Ambassador to UNESCO in 1946. In 1948, Dr. Radhakrishnan was asked to lead the University Education Commission following Independence. The Radhakrishnan Council's ideas helped shape the schooling system for India's necessities.
Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan was given the position of ambassador to the Soviet Union in 1949. He assisted established the groundwork for a solid relationship with Soviet Association. Radhakrishnan was chosen first VP of India in 1952. In 1954, he was awarded the Bharat Ratna. Subsequent to serving two terms as VP, Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan was chosen Leader of India in 1962. India fought wars with China and Pakistan while he was president. He helped India safely get through those trying years as president. In 1967, he took his retirement as president and moved to Madras.
On April 17, 1975, Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan passed away.
Ten Interesting Details About Sarvapalli Radhakrishnan: Knighthood Dr. Radhakrishnan received several honors for his work in education, including the Bharat Ratna. In 1931, the British emperor King George V bestowed upon him the Knighthood for his outstanding teaching abilities. Dr. Radhakrishnan even received an "Order of Merit" from the British royal family three decades later.
2. Templeton Prize In 1975, just before he passed away, the well-known "Templeton Foundation" presented Radhakrishnan with a "Templeton Prize." However, the generous scholar gave the "Oxford University" the entire Templeton Prize earnings.
3. His Dad's Was against His Schooling Dr. Sarvapalli Radhakrishnan was naturally introduced to a monetarily in reverse family in a town around the line of Tamilnadu and Andhra Pradesh. Instead of studying at an institution, his father wanted him to become a priest at a temple. However, fate had other ideas. The youthful Radhakrishnan selected into a school at Thiruthani and in the long run became perhaps of the most scholarly Indian.
4. A sincere tribute from his students Dr. Radhakrishnan was moving to Calcutta for his next assignment after teaching at Mysore University. Dr. Radhakrishnan was taken to the train station in a flower carriage as his beloved students bid him goodbye. These students were the ones who actually pulled this carriage to its final destination.
5. H.N. Spalding After hearing Sarvapalli Radhakrishnan speak in England, the famous English scholar H.N. Spalding developed a great admiration for him. Spalding was inspired to establish an "Eastern Religions and Ethics" chair at Oxford University by Dr. Radhakrishnan's words. Religious studies researchers can apply for funding through this Oxford division.
6. Philosophy Dr. Radhakrishnan was a philosopher who wrote several books and even taught philosophy at Madras University. He was well-known worldwide and was regarded as one of India's greatest philosophers. Bertrand Rusell, a well-known historian and philosopher from Britain, once stated that Radhakrishnan's appointment as India's President would be the "Greatest honor to philosophy."
7. His Interactions with the Soviet Union and UNESCO Dr. Radhakrishnan was given the difficult task of serving as India's ambassador to the Soviet Union. Very few realize that he was additionally selected the administrator of UNESCO's leader board.
8. A Relevant Response to Racism It is rumored that at a dinner in London, a British citizen made the observation that all Indians have black skin. "God once baked a piece of bread more than was needed and it was known as the so-called 'negro,'" Dr. Radhakrishnan replied politely to this comment. God's subsequent baking experiment was known as "European" because it was undercooked. In a final experiment, the Mighty baked the bread to perfection, giving it the name "Indian."
9. Benaras Hindu University In 1939, while the nation was still under British rule, this distinguished educator was appointed Vice Chancellor of "Benaras Hindu University." Sir Maurice Hallet, the British Governor of the region at the time, wanted to convert the University campus into a war hospital as a response to Mahatma Gandhi's "Quit India Movement." Dr. Radhakrishnan strongly opposed this Hallet-inspired political concept, which stalled financial support for the university. In an effort to maintain the university's operations, Dr. Radhakrishnan personally approached philanthropists and thinkers across the country to raise funds.
10. His Entertaining Conduct At The Rajya Sabha Many have guaranteed that when the climate inside the Parliament house becomes turbulent with political pioneers contending with one another, Dr. Radhakrishnan used to quiet down the warmed climate in a strange manner. He would present refrains from the Bhagvad Gita or the Holy book to ingrain discipline inside the group. "Dr. Radhakrishnan made the parliament sessions seem more like family gatherings," was a quote from the former Indian Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru.
A few words about Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan: From 1962 to 1967, Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan was the second President of India. He was a well-known Indian philosopher, teacher, writer, and politician. He was born on September 5, 1888, in Andhra Pradesh. Additionally, he taught at Oxford University. He mostly wrote to spread Indian culture as a writer. He safeguarded Hinduism and it is reflected in his notable works-"The way of thinking of Upanishad"; " Occident and East: A few Reflections". Dr. Sarvapalli Radhakrishnan was renowned for creating a link between the West and India. At the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), he led the Indian delegation. He used his writing career to try to explain, defend, and spread his faith.
Let's take a look at Dr. Sarvapalli Radhakrishnan's life, including his family, education, teaching career, how teachers' day came to be, and his political career. Early life: Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan was born on September 5, 1888, to a Telugu-speaking Niyogi Brahmin family in Tiruttani, Madras Presidency, British India (present-day Tamil Nadu).
His mother, Sarvepalli Sita, took care of the family while his father, Sarvepalli Veeraswami, worked as a subordinate revenue official. He had five daughters and one son while he was married to Sivakamu.
He went to Madras Christian College when he was 17 years old. In 1906, he got his master's degree in philosophy and became a professor.
He was knighted in 1931, and until 1947, he was known as Sire Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan. His title was changed to Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan after independence.
He was delegated Spalding Teacher of Eastern religions and Morals at Oxford College in the year 1936.
Political Life:- In 1946, he was chosen for the constituent Gathering. He had additionally filled in as an envoy to UNESCO and afterward to Moscow.
He became the first vice president of India in 1952, and in 1962, he became the second president of an independent India.
In addition to the Order of Merit and the Templeton Prize, he was given the German Book Trade's peace prize, Bharat Ratna.
Students approached Dr. Radhakrishnan to ask for permission to mark his birthday as a special day when he was the second president of India. which he requested to commemorate teachers' contributions to society by declaring September 5 as Teachers' Day.
He stated, "Rather than celebrating my birthday, it would be my proud privilege if the 5th of September is observed as Teachers' Day." From 1953 to 1962, he served as Chancellor of Delhi University and Vice-Chancellor of Andhra University. In his honor, Oxford University established the Radhakrishnan Chevening scholarships and the Radhakrishnan Memorial Award.
Major Works and Contributions He spread Hinduism in opposition to "uninformed Western criticism" and made Hinduism more approachable to Western society. 1923-1927 Indian Philosophy 1924 The Philosophy of the Upanishads 1932 An Idealist View of Life 1939 Eastern and Western Thought Some thoughts on Dr. Radhakrishnan's accomplishments and awards In 1954, he was given the Bharat Ratna, India's highest civilian honor.
He was the principal individual to be granted the Sahitya Akademi cooperation, the most elevated differentiation.
In addition, he received the Templeton Prize for his support of nonviolence and presentation of a God who embraced love and wisdom for everyone. He has made Indian philosophy more popular.
Contribution to Indian Education and Teacher's Day: Dr. Radhakrishnan upheld high ideals. Yoga, morality, geography, general science, agriculture, political science, ethics, poetry, painting, and mathematics were among his recommendations. The University Education Commission's report from 1940 to 1949 is the most significant contribution to educational theory and practice.
He believes that education should focus on the following: to believe that there is a reason for life. 2. to cultivate wisdom in order to awaken innate talent. 3. To get ready for vote based processes. 4. acquiring the ability to improve oneself. 5. to be aware of one's heritage culturally.
Less popular realities about Dr. S.V. Radhakrishnan:- Not very many individuals of the present time know that previous Indian cricketer VVS Laxman (conceived : 1974) is Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan, the former Indian President's great-grandnephew.
Dr. Radhakrishnan accepted only Rs 2500 out of a monthly salary of Rs 10,000 when he became India's president. The remainder went to the Prime Minister's National Relief Fund.
The Radhakrishnan Memorial Award and the Radhakrishnan Chevening Scholarships were Oxford University's first scholarship programs.
Conclusion: Dr. Radhakrishnan rose to prominence as India's second president from a remote village in Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradesh. Both as a teacher and as the second president, he made a lasting impact. His quotes show his philosophy and thoughts about teachers and education:
"When we think we know something, we stop learning,"
Anubhavavasanameva vidya phalam reads, Anubhava is the fruit of knowledge and vidya.
~"Books are the means by which we fabricate spans between societies."
Questions to ask: Why is Radhakrishnan's birthday celebrated as Teachers' Day? This is because some students asked him for permission to celebrate his birthday after he became the President of India in 1962. Dr Radhakrishnan, in any case, endorsed no extravagant festival yet rather mentioned that the day be seen as Educators' Day.
What helped India was Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan's work. S Radhakrishnan was India's first vice president from 1952 to 1962 and second president from 1962 to 1967. He is remembered as one of the most prominent scholars of comparative religion and philosophy in India. He is also known for bringing Indian philosophy to the West and thereby bridging the cultural divide.
What did Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan educate? After Radhakrishnan finished his education, he worked as a professor of philosophy at Madras Presidency College and then at the University of Mysore.
Why observe Instructors' Day? In honor of Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan's birthday, celebrations of Teachers' Day take place across India on September 5. World Instructors' Day is commended to respect educators for their achievements, endeavors, and commitment to society as well with regards to the existences of their understudies.
Who gave Teachers Day its name? When Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan became the President of India in 1962, his friends and former students approached him and asked if they could celebrate his birthday on September 5th. According to Dr. S. Radhakrishnan, it would be in his honor if September 5 were to be observed as Teachers' Day instead.
Why is Radhakrishnan so well-known? Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan OM (pronunciation, information, and help); 5 September 1888 - 17 April 1975), locally Radhakrishnayya, was an Indian rationalist and legislator. He filled in as the second leader of India from 1962 to 1967. From 1952 to 1962, he served as India's first vice president.
What is the epithet of Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan? He was referred to as Sir Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan prior to independence, and after that, he became known as Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan.
Who was the first president of teachers? Indian philosopher, teacher, writer, and politician Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan was the second President of India from 1962 to 1967.