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Sri Lanka's Independence Day, also known as National Day, is celebrated on February 4th each year.

### Independence Day of Sri Lanka


Sri Lanka's Independence Day, also known as National Day, is celebrated on February 4th each year. This date marks the country's independence from British rule in 1948. After more than four centuries of colonial domination, first by the Portuguese, then the Dutch, and finally the British, Sri Lanka (formerly Ceylon) gained its sovereignty and established itself as an independent nation within the Commonwealth.


The day is significant for the Sri Lankan people as it commemorates their struggle for freedom and self-determination. It is a day of national pride, reflection on the country's journey, and a celebration of its cultural heritage and achievements.


1. **First Prime Minister:** D. S. Senanayake became the first Prime Minister of independent Sri Lanka.

2. **Name Change:** In 1972, the country changed its name from Ceylon to Sri Lanka.

3. **National Symbols:** The national flag, known as the Lion Flag, and the national anthem, "Sri Lanka Matha," are central to the celebrations.

4. **Multi-Ethnic Celebrations:** The day is celebrated by all ethnic groups in Sri Lanka, including Sinhalese, Tamils, Muslims, and Burghers.


- **1505:** Arrival of the Portuguese in Sri Lanka.

- **1658:** Dutch take control from the Portuguese.

- **1796:** British take control from the Dutch.

- **1815:** Entire island comes under British rule.

- **1948:** Sri Lanka gains independence from Britain on February 4th.

- **1972:** Sri Lanka becomes a republic and changes its name from Ceylon to Sri Lanka.


To wish someone on Sri Lanka's Independence Day, you can say:

"Happy Independence Day, Sri Lanka! May your nation continue to prosper and thrive in unity and peace."

**Importance to Society:**

The Independence Day of Sri Lanka is important because:

- **National Unity:** It fosters a sense of national unity and patriotism among the diverse population.

- **Cultural Heritage:** The day celebrates the rich cultural heritage and history of Sri Lanka.

- **Reflection and Progress:** It is a time for reflection on the nation's progress and challenges, promoting a vision for a better future.


1. **Why is Independence Day celebrated on February 4th?**

- February 4th marks the day in 1948 when Sri Lanka formally gained independence from British rule.

2. **How is Independence Day celebrated in Sri Lanka?**

- Celebrations include a grand parade, cultural performances, flag hoisting ceremonies, and speeches by national leaders.

3. **What are the main highlights of the Independence Day celebrations?**

- The highlights include the President’s address to the nation, military parades, and traditional dance and music performances.

4. **What was Sri Lanka known as before independence?**

- Before independence, Sri Lanka was known as Ceylon.

### Conclusion

The Independence Day of Sri Lanka is a day of immense pride and celebration for the nation. It honors the country's rich history, cultural diversity, and the enduring spirit of its people. The day serves as a reminder of the sacrifices made for freedom and the ongoing journey towards national unity and development.

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