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The 30th of June is World Asteroid Day. International Asteroid Day is another name for this day.



The 30th of June is World Asteroid Day. International Asteroid Day is another name for this day. This day marks the impact that occurred in Tunguska in 1908.


Why the Asteroid Day?

In order to "observe each year at the international level the anniversary of the Tunguska impact over Siberia, Russian Federation, on 30 June 1908, and to raise public awareness about the asteroid impact hazard," the United Nations General Assembly adopted resolution A/RES/71/90 in December 2016.


On June 30, the anniversary of the Tunguska event in 1908, when a meteor air burst leveled approximately 2,150 km2 of forest in Siberia, Russia, World Asteroid Day is an annual global celebration.


The purpose of International Asteroid Day is to educate the general public about the danger posed by asteroid impacts and the global crisis communication procedures that must be followed in the event of a credible threat from a near-Earth object.


A proposal made by the Association of Space Explorers and supported by the Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space (COPUOS) was the basis for the decision made by the General Assembly.



Background Near-Earth Objects, or NEOs, pose a threat to our planet that has the potential to be catastrophic. An asteroid or comet that passes close to Earth's orbit is called a NEO. More than 16 000 Near Earth Asteroids have been discovered, according to the NASA Center for NEO Studies. The Tunguska asteroid event on June 30, 1908, in Siberia, Russian Federation, was the largest asteroid impact ever recorded on Earth.


On February 15, 2013, a large fireball, technically known as a "superbolide," entered the atmosphere and disintegrated above Chelyabinsk at a speed of 18.6 kilometers per second. The asteroid was estimated by NASA to have an effective diameter of 18 meters and a mass of 11,000 tons. The Chelyabinsk Fireball had an approximate total impact energy of 440 kilotons of TNT explosives, which is the energy parameter typically used to describe a fireball. The largest known impact since the 1908 Tunguska explosion in Russian Siberia, the Chelyabinsk event was a massive fireball.


Since the United Nations Office for Outer Space Affairs (UNOOSA) has been working on NEOs for a long time, it has recognized that the risk of NEO impact as a global problem necessitating a global response. The global community must work together in the interest of public safety to address a hazard of this nature, which necessitates identifying objects that could be impacted and planning a mitigation campaign.



The International Asteroid Warning Network (IAWN) and the Space Mission Planning Advisory Group (SMPAG) were established in 2014 on the basis of recommendations for an international response to a threat posed by an impact from a near-Earth Object, which were approved by the Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space (COPUOS) in 2013.


The International Asteroid Warning Network (IAWN) uses well-defined communication plans and protocols to support the planning of mitigation responses and assist governments in analyzing the potential effects of an asteroid impact.


An inter-space agency forum, the Space Mission Planning Advisory Group (SMPAG) seeks consensus on planetary defense measures and identifies technologies required for near-Earth object deflection.


History of Asteroid Day Supporters observe Asteroid Day on June 30 each year to commemorate the Siberian Tunguska event, which was the largest asteroid impact ever recorded on Earth. Astrophysicist and Queen member Brian May, Apollo 9 astronaut Rusty Schweickart, filmmaker Grig Richters, and B612 Foundation president Danica Remy are the co-founders of Asteroid Day. Their objective is to inform the general public about the significance of asteroids to our past and their place in the solar system.



What is the purpose of World Asteroid Day?

The purpose of International Asteroid Day is to educate the general public about the danger posed by asteroid impacts and the global crisis communication procedures that must be followed in the event of a credible threat from a near-Earth object.


What are our plans for Asteroid Day?

Space exploration is also encouraged on this day. Around the world, June 30 is observed as International Asteroid Day to educate people about asteroids. On this day each year, events are held where experts and astronauts discuss the advantages and disadvantages of asteroids.


Why is it known as an asteroid?

As he introduced the term at a meeting of London's Royal Society in May 1802 and later published it in the Society's Philosophical Transactions, Herschel has long been credited with coining the term asteroids, which comes from a Greek word for "starlike."


Who created the asteroid?

Discovery of Asteroids In 1801, while making a star map, Giuseppe Piazzi made a mistake and found a small object with a diameter of 1000 kilometers (600 miles) between the orbits of Jupiter and Mars. Ceres was Piazzi's name for the item. It was the very first asteroid that was found. Two more were found in 1802, too.



What is the purpose of International Day?


International days and weeks serve as occasions to inform the general public about pressing issues, to mobilize political will and resources to address global issues, and to recognize and celebrate human achievements. Although the United Nations has embraced international days as a powerful advocacy tool, their existence predates the organization. We also commemorate other UN events.


Space and Global Goals The program was launched by the United Nations Office for Outer Space Affairs (UNOOSA) and the China Manned Space Agency (CMSA). It takes advantage of the technological and creative capabilities of the Chinese government to benefit United Nations Member States, particularly developing nations, and thus contributes to the 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) by increasing access to space.



The United Nations and Outer Space The United Nations Office for Outer Space Affairs (UNOOSA) works to encourage international cooperation in the peaceful use and exploration of space, as well as in the application of space science and technology for long-term social and economic growth. By assisting in the integration of space capabilities into national development programs, the Office strengthens developing nations' capacities to use space science technology and applications for development. Additionally, it assists any United Nations Member State in establishing legal and regulatory frameworks to govern space activities.


Why the Asteroid Day?

When planets in our solar system first formed, they left behind asteroids. Additionally, they contain a wealth of resources that humanity may one day utilize. But they're also dangers. As a result, astronomers keep a close eye out for any asteroids that might be heading toward Earth.


Which asteroid is the most dangerous?

On June 30, the European Space Agency stated that 2021 QM1 is the "riskiest" asteroid in the universe. According to the initial observations, it had a chance of hitting Earth in 2052. In a frustrating development, subsequent observations soon became impossible. QM1 has been receding from view as it moves away from Earth in its current orbit, and it was outshone by the sun at a crucial moment.




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