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The Indian Coast Guard (ICG) was formally established on February 1, 1977, by the Coast Guard Act, 1978, of the Parliament of India.

































































































### Indian Coast Guard Day


**History:**

The Indian Coast Guard (ICG) was formally established on February 1, 1977, by the Coast Guard Act, 1978, of the Parliament of India. Initially, it began with two small corvettes and five patrol boats, having grown significantly since then.


**Significance:**

The Indian Coast Guard plays a crucial role in the maritime security of India. Its duties include:

- Ensuring the safety and protection of artificial islands, offshore terminals, installations, and other structures in the Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ).

- Protecting and assisting fishermen in distress.

- Preserving marine ecology and environment.

- Enforcing maritime laws, including anti-smuggling operations.


**Facts:**

1. The Indian Coast Guard operates under the Ministry of Defence.

2. It is the fourth-largest Coast Guard in the world.

3. The ICG conducts regular exercises with the Indian Navy, the Air Force, and other maritime agencies to enhance coordination and operational readiness.

4. The organization is known for its efficient handling of humanitarian aid during natural disasters.


**Timeline:**

- **1977:** Indian Coast Guard established.

- **1978:** Coast Guard Act passed.

- **1982:** Became a full-fledged independent organization.

- **2009:** Implemented significant modernization and expansion post the 26/11 Mumbai attacks.

- **2012:** Inducted the first indigenous Advanced Light Helicopter.


**Wishing:**

To wish someone on Indian Coast Guard Day, you can say:

"Happy Indian Coast Guard Day! Thank you for your unwavering dedication and service in protecting our maritime frontiers and ensuring the safety of our seas."


**Importance to Society:**

The Indian Coast Guard's importance lies in:

- Safeguarding national interests in the maritime zones.

- Ensuring maritime safety and security.

- Protecting the marine environment and resources.

- Contributing to the national economic security by protecting the marine industries and resources.


**FAQs:**

1. **What are the primary functions of the Indian Coast Guard?**

- Maritime safety, search and rescue, law enforcement, environmental protection, and national defense support.


2. **How is the Indian Coast Guard different from the Navy?**

- The Coast Guard focuses on law enforcement and search and rescue operations within maritime zones, while the Navy handles broader defense and strategic operations.


3. **What kind of equipment does the Indian Coast Guard use?**

- It operates a range of ships, boats, and aircraft designed for various maritime roles, including offshore patrol vessels, fast patrol vessels, and helicopters.


4. **How does the Indian Coast Guard contribute during natural disasters?**

- The ICG provides humanitarian assistance, search and rescue operations, and disaster relief support.


### Conclusion

Indian Coast Guard Day is a celebration of the service and dedication of the men and women who protect India's maritime interests. Their role is pivotal in maintaining maritime security, protecting marine environments, and supporting economic activities along the coastlines.

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