top of page

The Indian National Movement's "father" is Bal Gangadhar Tilak & Tilak was Freedom Fighter.

Born: Bal Gangadhar Tilak Died on July 23, 1856: August 1, 1920 Successes: Known as the founder of the Indian National Movement; Founded the "Deccan Education Society" to provide youth in India with high-quality education; was an individual from the Metropolitan Committee of Pune, Bombay Council, and a chosen 'Individual' of the Bombay College; formed the Home Rule League in 1916 to achieve Swaraj's objective.

The Indian National Movement's "father" is Bal Gangadhar Tilak. Bal Gangadhar Tilak was a complex individual. He was a social reformer, a freedom fighter, a national leader, a scholar of Indian history, sanskrit, hinduism, mathematics, and astronomy, and he was also a freedom fighter. Bal Gangadhar Tilak was often referred to as Lokmanya, which means "beloved of the people." His slogan, "Swaraj is my birthright and I shall have it," inspired millions of Indians during the struggle for freedom.

Bal Gangadhar Tilak was born in Ratnagiri, Maharashtra, on July 23, 1856. By caste, he was a Chitpavan Brahmin. Gangadhar Ramachandra Tilak was a well-known teacher and scholar of Sanskrit. Tilak was an outstanding student who excelled in mathematics. Tilak was honest and straightforward, and he had an intolerant attitude toward injustice since childhood. He was one of the first young people in India to earn a college degree.

When Tilak was ten years old, his father moved from Ratnagiri to Pune. This brought ocean change in Tilak's life. He received instruction from some well-known teachers when he enrolled in the Anglo-Vernacular School in Pune. Tilak lost his mother shortly after moving to Pune, and by the time he was sixteen, he had also lost his father. Tilak was married to Satyabhama, a 10-year-old girl, while he was enrolled in Matriculation. Tilak enrolled at Deccan College after passing the Matriculation Examination. In 1877, Bal Gangadhar Tilak got his B.A. degree with a top of the line in science. He continued his education and earned his LL.B. degree as well.

Tilak started teaching mathematics in a private school in Pune after graduating, and he later became a journalist. He became a vocal critic of the Western educational system because he believed it was disrespectful to India's heritage and demeaning to Indian students. He concluded that good education is the only way to shape good citizens. He was of the opinion that Indian culture and national ideals should be taught to every Indian. Bal Gangadhar Tilak founded the "Deccan Education Society" with his classmate Agarkar and the great social reformer Vishnushastry Chiplunkar to provide India's youth with high-quality education.

The exceptionally one year from now after the Deccan Schooling Society was established, Tilak began two weeklies, 'Kesari' and 'Mahratta'. ' "Mahratta" was an English weekly, while "Kesari" was Marathi weekly. Before long both the papers turned out to be extremely famous. Tilak emphasized Indians' plight in his newspapers. He vividly depicted the people's suffering and actual events. Every Indian was urged by Tilak to fight for his rights. To awaken the sleeping Indians, Bal Gangadhar Tilak used venomous language.

In 1890, Bal Gangadhar Tilak became a member of the Indian National Congress. He was elected as a "Fellow" of Bombay University and served on the Municipal Council of Pune and the Bombay Legislature. Great social reformer Tilak was. He supported widow remarriage and called for the end of child marriage. He organized people by celebrating Shivaji's birthday and the Ganapati Festival.

Bal Gangadhar Tilak was accused in 1897 of writing articles that encouraged people to oppose the government, break the law, and disturb the peace. He received a harsh prison term of one and a half years. 1898 saw the release of Tilak. Tilak started the Swadeshi Movement after he was released. Tilak communicated the message to each and every village in Maharashtra through publications and lectures. In front of Tilak's house, a massive "Swadeshi Market" opened. In the meantime, moderates and extremists formed two camps in Congress. The moderate group led by Gopal Krishna was opposed by extremists led by Bal Gangadhar Tilak. Moderates believed that the time was not yet right for self-rule, whereas extremists supported it. In the end, this division caused the Congress to split.

In 1906, Tilak was taken into custody on suspicion of sedition. After the preliminary, Tilak was condemned to six years of detainment in Mandalay (Burma). Tilak read and wrote during his time behind bars. While he was behind bars, he wrote the book "Gita-Rahasya." On June 8, 1914, Tilak was released. Bal Gangadhar Tilak attempted to unite the two Congress factions after his release. However, his efforts were in vain. Tilak made the decision to establish a separate organization he called the "Home Rule League" in 1916. Swaraj was its goal. Tilak won the hearts of the farmers by traveling from village to village and explaining the goal of his league to them. He went continually to coordinate individuals. Bal Gangadhar Tilak passed away on August 1, 1920, while fighting for the cause of the people.

72 views0 comments


bottom of page