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The International Day for Biological Diversity, observed on May 22nd each year, aims to increase understanding and awareness of biodiversity issues.

The International Day for Biological Diversity, observed on May 22nd each year, aims to increase understanding and awareness of biodiversity issues. This day highlights the importance of biodiversity in maintaining ecosystem health and sustaining human life.

### History

- **Origins**: The United Nations proclaimed May 22nd as the International Day for Biological Diversity in 2000 to commemorate the adoption of the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) in 1992.

- **Convention on Biological Diversity**: This landmark treaty, signed at the Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro, promotes sustainable development and the fair sharing of the benefits arising from genetic resources.

### Significance

- **Biodiversity**: Refers to the variety of life on Earth, including species diversity, genetic diversity, and ecosystem diversity. It is essential for ecosystem resilience and provides services such as food, medicine, clean water, and climate regulation.

- **Threats**: Biodiversity is under threat from human activities such as habitat destruction, pollution, overexploitation, and climate change. Preserving biodiversity is crucial for the health of the planet and human well-being.

### Observance

- **Themes**: Each year has a specific theme to focus on different aspects of biodiversity. For example, recent themes have included "Our Biodiversity, Our Food, Our Health" and "Biodiversity and Sustainable Tourism."

- **Activities**: Governments, NGOs, and individuals engage in activities such as educational programs, conservation projects, biodiversity fairs, and social media campaigns to raise awareness.

### Facts

- **Ecosystem Services**: Biodiversity provides ecosystem services worth an estimated $125 trillion annually, including pollination, water purification, and disease control.

- **Species Extinction**: It is estimated that species are going extinct at 1,000 to 10,000 times the natural rate due to human activities.

- **Protected Areas**: Globally, around 15% of land and 7% of oceans are under some form of protection, but efforts continue to expand these areas to preserve more biodiversity.

### FAQs

- **Why is biodiversity important?** It ensures ecosystem productivity and resilience, providing humans with essential resources and services.

- **How can individuals help?** People can contribute by supporting conservation efforts, reducing their ecological footprint, and promoting sustainable practices.

- **What is the CBD?** The Convention on Biological Diversity is an international treaty aimed at conserving biological diversity, using biological resources sustainably, and sharing the benefits of genetic resources fairly.

### Timeline

- **1992**: Convention on Biological Diversity adopted at the Earth Summit.

- **1993**: CBD enters into force.

- **2000**: UN designates May 22nd as the International Day for Biological Diversity.

### Wishing

On the International Day for Biological Diversity, people often share messages emphasizing the importance of preserving the planet's biodiversity and encouraging actions to protect and restore natural habitats.

### Importance to Society

Biodiversity is fundamental to human survival and well-being. It supports ecosystem functions that provide clean air and water, fertile soil, and resources for food, medicine, and industry. By preserving biodiversity, we ensure the health of the planet and the continued availability of these critical resources for future generations.

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