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The main objective of this day is to raise awareness about pollution control measures.







Why National Pollution Control Day?

The National Pollution Control Day or National Pollution Prevention Day is observed in India on December 2 every year.


What's the main objective of National Pollution Control Day?

The main objective of this day is to raise awareness about pollution control measures and the prevention of industrial disasters.


Who is the father of pollution?

Arie Jan Haagen Smit (December 22, 1900 to March 17, 1977) was a Dutch chemist.


He is best known for linking the smog in Southern California to automobiles and is therefore known by many as the "father" of air pollution control.


Who said exploiting their presence we are diminishing our future?

Marya Mannes

The earth we abuse and the living things we kill, in the end, they take their revenge and for in exploiting their presence we are diminishing our future, said by Marya Mannes.


National Pollution Control Day focuses on preventing pollution and raising awareness about the ways we keep exploiting mother nature.


This day is observed on 2nd December every year in remembrance of the people who passed away in the Bhopal Gas Tragedy, 1984.


What's significance of 2nd December?

The Bhopal Gas Tragedy took place in Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, on 2nd and 3rd December, 1984.


This devastating chemical leak was said to be one of the worst industrial disasters of all time.


Approximately 45 tons of methyl isocyanate escaped from an insecticide plant from the Union Carbide Corporation’s Indian subsidiary.


This highly dangerous gas spread over the overcrowded neighbourhood and instantly killed over thousands of people.




Amongst the death and anxiety, thousands of people rushed to flee from Bhopal.

A death toll of 15,000 to 20,000 people was calculated with over half a million more injured and suffering various diseases.


The exposure to methyl isocyanate caused eye irritation, blindness and several respiratory problems. Sadly, most families who suffered were given a compensation of only a few hundred dollars.


Much to the disgust of environmentalists, more than 400 tons of industrial waste still lay present on the site, even in 2021.


The still deteriorating soil and water qualities has been blamed for generations worth of birth defects. With the high death toll and the years worth of sorrow it caused.


And the Bhopal Gas Tragedy was commemorated by raising awareness through National Pollution Control Day on the day it took away the lives of thousands.


Statistics that Show the Need for National Pollution Control Day, A 2020 survey showed that out of the top 14 most polluted cities in the world, 13 of them belong in India.


Although the pollution rates seem to be gradually decreasing, the end of the Covid lockdown has led to an onsurge of people going out once again thereby negating all environmental gains earned during the lockdown period.





Air pollution is responsible for 12.5% of all deaths in India. The harmful gases in the air kill an average of 8.5 out of every 10,000 children in India before they turn 5 years old (WHO, 2018).


Small girls are at higher risk as 9.6 out of every 10,000 girls die before the age of 5.

86% of all rivers in India are considered critically polluted.


There are 351 polluted river stretches in India. With the on-set of industrialisation, the pollution is only going to get worse.

Studies show that 1.67 million deaths in 2019 were due to air pollution in India.


This accounted for 17.8% of the total deaths in the country. Air pollutants are so tiny that they seep through mucus membrane and other protective barriers and cause damage to your lungs, brain and heart.


Not only does it harm an individual’s health, but also damage the ozone layer and make way for holes in it.


How many Objectives of National Pollution Control Day?

National Pollution Control Day has four major objectives.




What's the right Objectives of National Pollution Control Day?

~Raising awareness about the increasing air pollution.

~Spreading education on how to manage and control industrial disasters.

~Make people aware of the significance of pollution acts.

~Ways to prevent industrial pollution caused by human negligence.


What's the Laws that help control pollution?

India has taken action and made laws that help with pollution control.


~Plastic Waste Management Rules, 2016.

~E-Waste (Management) Rules, 2016.

~Construction and Demolition Waste Management Rules, 2016.

~Bio-Medical Waste Management Rules, 2016.

~Solid Waste Management Rules, 2016.

~Hazardous and Other Wastes. (Management and Transboundary Movement) Rules, 2016.

~The National Green Tribunal Act, 2010.

~Environment Impact Assessment, 2006.

~Maharashtra Biodegradable Garbage Control Ordinance, 2006.

~Batteries Management and Handling Rules, 2001.

~Municipal Solid Waste Management and Handling Rules, 2000.

~Noise Pollution Regulation and Control Rules, 2000.

~Ozone Depleting Substances Regulation Rules, 2000.

~Recycled Plastics Manufacture and Usage Rules, 1999.

€Biomedical Waste Management and Handling Rules, 1998.

€Chemical Accidents Emergency. €Preparedness, Planning and Response rules, 1996.

~National Environment Tribunal Act, 1995.

€Manufacture, Import, Storage, Export and Storage of Hazardous Microorganisms. €Genetically Engineered Organisms or Cells Rules, 1989.

€Hazardous Waste Management and Handling Rules, 1989.

€Manufacture, Import and Storage of Hazardous Chemical Rules, 1989.

€Environment Protection Act, 1986.

€Environment Protection Rules, 1986.

€Air Prevention and Control of Pollution Act, 1981.

€Water Prevention and Control of Pollution Act, 1977.




What's the popular Quotes Related to National Pollution Control Day?


Barry Commoner

Environmental pollution is an incurable disease. It can only be prevented.


B.F. Skinner

The environment will continue to deteriorate until pollution practices are abandoned.

Jacques Yves Cousteau

Water and air, the two essential fluids on which all life depends, have become global garbage cans.


AI Gore

Today we’re dumping 70 million tons of global warming pollution into the environment, and tomorrow we will dump more, and there is no effective worldwide response. Until we start sharply reducing global warming pollution, I will feel that I have failed.


Why Pollution Control Day has a heart breaking background?

National Pollution Control Day has a heart breaking background but the ray of hope still shines through.


It serves as a reminder of what human negligence and carelessness does to the environment.




India progresses every year when it comes to pollution control with this remarkable day. Although not a national holiday, pollution control is reaching millions of people through school curriculums and social media.


In the midst of a pandemic, we can only pray for the loving souls we lost in 1984 and work for a pollution free future.


Which day is celebrated as World pollution day?

Led by the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) and held annually on 5 June since 1973.


World Environment Day is the largest global platform for environmental public outreach and is celebrated by millions of people across the world.




Which ministry is responsible for pollution?

Further, CPCB was entrusted with the powers and functions under the Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1981.


It serves as a field formation and also provides technical services to the Ministry of Environment and Forests of the provisions of the Environment (Protection) Act, 1986.


When did the first pollution start?

The Quelccaya core first records evidence of pollution from Inca metallurgy around 1480 in the form of trace amounts of bismuth.


And it is likely released into the atmosphere during the creation of bismuth bronze, an alloy which has been recovered from the Inca citadel at Machu Picchu.














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