top of page

The theme of World Malaria Day in 2023 will be "Time to deliver zero malaria, invest & create.




What exactly is malaria?

Jungle fever is a hazardous sickness that is communicated through the chomp of a contaminated female Anopheles mosquito. The Plasmodium parasite, also known as the malarial parasite or the agent that causes malaria, is carried by infected mosquitoes. The parasite enters a person's bloodstream when this mosquito bites them.


The liver is where the parasites mature once they are inside the human body. How does malaria enter the body? After several days, mature parasites enter the bloodstream and begin to infect RBCs (red blood cells).

Inside 48-72 hours, the parasites inside the red platelets increase, which makes the tainted cells burst open. The parasites continue to infect red blood cells, resulting in cycles of symptoms lasting two to three days.


Most of the time, tropical and subtropical climates are where malaria parasites can live and thrive. According to reports from the WHO's Trusted Source, there were approximately 216 million cases of malaria in 91 countries in 2016.


Malaria: What Causes It?

The female anopheles mosquito, which carries the disease-causing plasmodium protozoa, is the source of malaria.



There are four kinds of the malarial parasite that can taint people:


Plasmodium Vivax


P. Ovale


P. Intestinal sickness


P. Falciparum.



A severe form of the disease is caused by P. falciparum, and people who contract this form of malaria are more likely to die. It is also possible for an infected mother to transmit the disease to her unborn child. Congenital malaria is the name given to this condition.


What are the Side effects of Jungle fever?

Malaria symptoms include the following in the uncomplicated forms, which last between 6 and 10 hours and recur every other day:


In the severe form of malaria, symptoms include shivering, a cold sensation, fever, headaches, and vomiting, seizures in young people, sweating, and then returning to a normal temperature with fatigue.


Fever and chills, trouble breathing, abnormal bleeding, and signs of anemia, as well as impaired consciousness and multiple convulsions, and clinical jaundice are all symptoms of malaria fever. the cold stage, the hot stage, and the sweating stage, respectively, are chills, fever, rigor, and sweating.


The first cold stage is characterized by a feeling of cold and shivering and lasts 15 to 60 minutes.


The virus stage is trailed by the hot stage, with fever from 39-41.5°C, enduring 2-6 hours, additionally connected with flushed and dry skin, migraines, queasiness and heaving.


Toward the finish of the virus stage, the fever drops quickly and the patient sweats bountifully over a time of 2-4 hours.


Mode of Infection in Malaria The following cycle occurs during the mode of infection in malaria:





A female anopheles mosquito becomes contaminated by benefiting from an individual who has jungle fever.


When the carrier mosquito bites a human, the parasite enters the body and travels to the liver, where it matures. (The mosquito becomes the carrier of the parasite.) It can remain dormant for up to a year. At maturity, the parasites leave the liver and infect the red blood cells in the bloodstream. When an infected person is bitten by an uninfected mosquito, the cycle continues. At this point, symptoms begin to appear.



Other transmission methods include:


from the mother to the fetus.


Through blood bonding


Utilization of shared needles or needles


Intestinal sickness Life Cycle (Life Pattern of Malarial Parasite)

The total improvement of the malarial parasite happens in two unique hosts; mosquitoes and humans.



Plasmodium, the malaria parasite, is a sporozoite that moves around. The sporozoites are passed on to the hosts by the female Anopheles mosquito, the malaria vector.



The actual growth and maturation of the plasmodium parasite takes place within the body of the mosquito. The mosquito's intestine is where the human body's produced parasitic cells end up. Here, the male and female cells of the parasite prepare each other to prompt the development of a sporozoite.



Subsequent to developing, the sporozoite breaks out of the mosquito's digestive system and moves to the salivary organs. Sporozoites enter the bloodstream through the saliva of an infected mosquito when it bites a person.



The blood then transports them to the liver, where they accumulate. These parasites develop by damaging the liver and rupturing the body's blood cells as they multiply within the liver.



In the RBCs, the parasites reproduce asexually, leading to cell lysis and the release of additional parasites to infect additional cells. A toxin known as haemozoin is released when the malaria parasite ruptures red blood cells, causing the infected person to experience a condition known as the chills and eventually one of the symptoms of malaria fever.



Vector Control for Malaria Prevention: Vector control is a good way to stop and cut down on malaria transmission. Two types of vector control exist:


Nets treated with insecticide: Using an insecticide-treated net to sleep can prevent mosquito bites. It goes about as an actual hindrance and the insect spray likewise fends other hurtful bugs off.


Indoor Splashing With Lingering Bug sprays: This technique can quickly diminish jungle fever transmission. A specific insecticide is applied once or twice a year to a housing structure. This outcomes in a huge expansion in security from the illness for the local area.


Antimalarial Medications: Malaria prevention medications are also available. For explorers, the sickness can be forestalled through chemoprophylaxis, which acts by smothering the blood phase of jungle fever contaminations, consequently forestalling intestinal sickness infection.


After the first trimester, WHO recommends intermittent preventive treatment with sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine at each scheduled antenatal visit for pregnant women living in moderate-to-high transmission areas.


In addition to routine vaccinations, three doses of intermittent sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine preventive treatment for infants in high-transmission areas of Africa are recommended.






Questions and Answers About Common Human Diseases: Malaria: How is Intestinal sickness Analyzed and Treated?

Malaria can be diagnosed and treated early to reduce disease and prevent death. Additionally, it aids in the prevention of malaria transmission. Artemisinin-based combination therapy (ACT) is the most effective treatment for P. falciparum malaria.


The WHO suggests that all instances of thought intestinal sickness ought to be affirmed utilizing parasite-based analytic testing. This can either be microscopy or through a quick indicative test. After that, depending on the kind of malaria, treatment can begin.


In most cases, parasitological confirmation results can be obtained within 30 minutes or less. Symptom-based treatment should only be considered when a parasitological diagnosis is impossible.



What Causes Intestinal sickness Fever?

When the malarial parasite reaches adulthood, it damages the liver cells and returns to the bloodstream. The parasite infects red blood cells (RBCs) with a toxin called hemozoin once it enters the bloodstream. This toxin ruptures the blood cell and also causes the chills. The first sign of malaria fever are chills.


Which mosquito is responsible for malaria?

The plasmodium parasite is carried by the female anophele mosquito, which transmits the malaria virus.


What are the most common malaria symptoms?

Shivering with a cold sensation, fever, headaches, and vomiting are all common signs of malaria. Young people who are infected with the disease may also experience seizures and sweating with a drop in temperature and a feeling of exhaustion. Respiratory distress and difficulty breathing, anemia, signs of abdominal bleeding, multiple convulsions, impaired consciousness, and clinical jaundice are all symptoms of severe malaria. These are basic symptoms that can change with age and the person's overall health.


How is malaria diagnosed?

People from tropical regions should have their health checked out. After a thorough physical examination, symptoms of an enlarged liver or spleen can be identified. On the off chance that any side effects are seen, more blood tests are suggested, which empower you to know whether you have contaminated the infection, which specific sort of intestinal sickness you have been sent, and the way in which the disease has been communicated. In addition, you will learn whether or not you have anemia and whether or not any other organs have been impacted.


Is malaria a problem for public health?

In India, malaria is a significant issue for public health. Additionally, malaria affects a substantial portion of southeast India. In total, India in southeast Asia accounts for approximately 77% of malaria cases. Malaria is prevalent in all seven of India's northeastern states, including Goa, Karnataka, the southern part of Madhya Pradesh, Odisha, Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh, and Rajasthan. Malaria causes approximately 1 million deaths annually in India.


How is malaria diagnosed and treated?


Early diagnosis is responsible for reducing malaria transmission and preventing fatalities. The Artemisinin-based combination therapy, also known as ACT, is supposed to be the best treatment available. Utilizing a parasite-based diagnostic treatment should be used to confirm malaria cases. Based on the reports, WHO has recommended this; Beginning the treatment is possible. Within thirty minutes, the parasitological confirmation test results are typically available.






The following are some of the most frequently asked questions:

On April 25 each year, World Malaria Day is observed to raise awareness of the efforts being made to eradicate malaria and to encourage people to take action to lessen their suffering and mortality from the disease.


When was first Jungle fever Day celebrated?

World Malaria Day, which began in 2008, grew out of Africa Malaria Day, which African governments had observed since 2001. During the celebration, progress toward the objectives of malaria control and mortality reduction in African nations was evaluated.


Why is April 25 Malaria Day celebrated?

World Malaria Day is a time to emphasize the importance of ongoing investment and political commitment to malaria control. During the World Health Assembly in 2007, Member States of the WHO decided to implement it.


WHO found intestinal sickness?

Dr. Alphonse Laveran, a tactical specialist in France's Administration de Santé des Armées (Wellbeing Administration of the Military). Laveran made his discovery of the malaria parasite in 1880 at the military hospital in Constantine, Algeria.


What is World Malaria Day's slogan?

The theme of World Malaria Day in 2023 will be "Time to deliver zero malaria: invest, create, and implement At WHO, we are primarily concerned with spreading awareness regarding the necessity of "implementing" the tools and strategies that are currently at our disposal in order to reach those individuals across the Western Pacific who remain unreached.


When did Indian malaria first appear?

Intestinal sickness plagues happened all through India with changing force. In 1852, one jungle fever plague cleared out the whole town of Ula and afterward spread across the Bhagirathi Stream to Hooghly and kept on wrecking populaces for a long time in Burdwan.


What exactly is malaria?

Malaria: what is it? A parasite that typically infects a specific species of mosquito that feeds on humans is the source of the serious and occasionally fatal disease known as malaria. Malaria typically results in severe illness, including flu-like symptoms, shaking chills, and high fevers.


When did malaria first arrive in India?

Malaria cases began to rise rapidly in urban areas toward the end of the 1960s, and the epidemic was widespread. Accordingly in 1976, 6.45 million cases were recorded by the Public Jungle fever Destruction Program (NMEP), most elevated since resurgence.





When did India have no malaria?

As per the GTS, the Public authority of India sent off the Public System for Jungle fever Disposal 2016-2030 in February 2016 and the Public Well defined course of action for Jungle fever End 2017-2022 in July 2017 with WHO support. India intends to eradicate malaria by 2030 and be malaria-free by 2027.


What is India's malaria objective?

India is focusing on intestinal sickness end by 2030. For a country with such a diverse geography as India, understanding and implementing the strategies used by countries that have successfully eradicated malaria can be a crucial step in this direction.


WHO named intestinal sickness?

The name jungle fever is gotten from mal aria ('terrible air' in Archaic Italian). The Ancient Romans believed that pestilential fumes in swamps were the source of this disease.


For what reason is it called intestinal sickness?

In fact, the term "malaria" comes from the Italian word for "bad air," mal'aria, which is associated with swamps and marshes. Malaria is caused by a parasite with one cell called a sporozoan.


What exactly is malaria?

Plasmodium, a protozoan parasite, is the cause of malaria. It is typically communicated through the chomp of a contaminated female Anopheles mosquito.


Which Indian state does not have malaria?

Malaria has not yet been completely eradicated in any state in India. In 2019, India represented 88% of jungle fever cases and 86 percent of passings because of intestinal sickness in the WHO South-East Asia district. It is also the only nation outside of Africa to be included among the 11 countries with "high burden to high impact."









































37 views0 comments

Yorumlar


bottom of page