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UNSC has urged all states to actively collaborate with the Indian government and all other relevant.

The suicide bombing in Pulwama, Jammu and Kashmir, that resulted in the deaths of more than forty members of the Indian paramilitary forces has been condemned by the United Nations Security Council (UNSC).

In this regard, the UNSC has urged all states to actively collaborate with the Indian government and all other relevant authorities.

The members of the Security Council offered their sincere condolences to the victims' families, the Indian people, and the Indian government, and wished the injured a speedy and complete recovery.

The terrorist group Jaish-e-Mohammad (JeM), which has its headquarters in Pakistan, has claimed responsibility for the attack.

The United States, Russia, and France are just a few of the nations that have condemned the attack worldwide.

The attack has been condemned by a resolution passed by the New Zealand parliament.

The UN Security Council's condemnation of the attack is significant because it represents a diplomatic victory for India and can be seen as part of India's efforts to isolate Pakistan on a global scale.

China's position regarding Jaish-e-Mohammad Chief Masood Azhar may also change as a result of the UNSC's statement naming JeM as the attackers.

Despite the fact that the UNSC has approved JeM since 2010. For the past ten years, China has repeatedly vetoed a UN Security Council Resolution 1267 sanctions committee resolution labeling JeM chief Maulana Masood Azhar a "global terrorist."

Sanctions Committee for UNSC Resolution 1267:-

~This committee is in charge of ensuring that the sanctions imposed by UNSC resolutions 1267, 1989, and 2253 are carried out.

~It is one of the most important and active UN subsidiary bodies working to fight terrorism, especially Al Qaeda and the Islamic State.

~It discusses UN efforts to restrict terrorists' movement, particularly those involving travel bans, asset freezes, and arms embargoes.

~India has attempted to list the JeM chief as a "global terrorist" at least three times over the past decade, in 2009, 2016, and 2017. China has stopped all attempts on Pakistan's orders.

Why does China oppose Azhar's UNSC Resolution 1267?

~China claims that it wants to "uphold the authority and validity of the 1267 Committee" in its official explanation for blocking the proposal.

~Additionally, China maintains that there is insufficient evidence to classify him as a "global terrorist."

~However, the actual reasons include safeguarding its "all-weather" ally Pakistan and are distinct from the official position.

~China has insurance against terrorist attacks on the CPEC infrastructure and the thousands of Chinese workers who are working on it thanks to its good relations with Pakistan and the international protection that terrorist proxies like JeM receive.

~business interests in the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) Nearly $40 billion has been invested in 45 CPEC projects by Chinese companies. China is determined to safeguard this enormous financial, human, and time investment. making life difficult for India, its Asian rival.

About the UN Security Council:-

~The Security Council is one of six main UN organs established by the United Nations Charter.

~It gives the Security Council, which can meet whenever peace is threatened, primary responsibility for maintaining international peace and security. All United Nations members agree to accept and implement the Security Council's decisions.

~The Security Council alone has the authority to make decisions that member states are then obligated to implement under the Charter, whereas other UN organs make recommendations to member states.

~Five of the UNSC's 15 members are permanent, while the remaining ten are non-permanent. The UN General Assembly elects non-permanent members for two-year terms.

~The US, the UK, France, Russia, and China are the five permanent members. India has been a non-permanent member of the UN Security Council for seven terms, totaling 14 years, the most recent of which was the 2011–12 term.

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