Vladimir Putin, whose full name is Vladimirovich Putin, was born on October 7, 1952, in Leningrad, Russia, U.S.S.R. (now St. Petersburg, Russia). He was a Russian intelligence officer and politician who was prime minister of Russia from 1999 to 2012 and president of Russia from 1999 to 2008.
Born: October 7, 1952 (at the age of 70) St. Petersburg, Russia president from 2012 to the present; prime minister from 2008 to 2012; president from 2000 to 2008; prime minister from 1999 to 2000; Russia Political Affiliation: United Russia Contributes: Attack on a school in Beslan Strategic Arms Reduction Talks Syrian Civil War Early career Putin studied law at Leningrad State University under the guidance of Anatoly Sobchak, who would go on to become one of the most influential reform politicians during the perestroika era. Putin was a foreign intelligence officer for the KGB (Committee for State Security) for 15 years, six of which were spent in East Germany's Dresden. He returned to Russia in 1990 to assume the role of prorector of Leningrad State University and be in charge of the university's external relations after retiring from active KGB service with the rank of lieutenant colonel. Soon after, Putin became an adviser to Sobchak, the first St. Petersburg mayor elected democratically. He quickly earned Sobchak's trust and became known for his ability to complete tasks; by 1994 he had ascended to the post of first representative city chairman.
Putin moved to Moscow in 1996, where he worked as a deputy for the Kremlin's chief administrator, Pavel Borodin, on the presidential staff. Putin rose through the administrative ranks and became close to fellow Leningrader Anatoly Chubais. When President Putin was appointed director of the Federal Security Service (FSB) by Boris Yeltsin; the domestic KGB's successor), and shortly after that, he was appointed secretary of the powerful Security Council. In 1999, Putin was appointed prime minister by Yeltsin, who was looking for an heir to succeed him.
When Putin launched a well-organized military operation against secessionist rebels in Chechnya, despite the fact that he was virtually unknown, his popularity soared. The Russian public appreciated Putin's coolness and decisiveness under pressure after years of Yeltsin's erratic behavior. Unity, a new electoral bloc, won the December parliamentary elections because of Putin's backing.
Yeltsin unexpectedly announced his resignation on December 31, 1999, and he appointed Putin as acting president. Putin won the elections in March 2000 with approximately 53% of the vote, promising to rebuild a weakened Russia. He wanted to put an end to corruption and establish a market economy with strict regulations as president.
Russia's 89 regions and republics were quickly reorganized by Putin into seven new federal districts, each headed by a president-appointed representative. Additionally, he revoked regional governors' membership in the Russian parliament's upper house, the Federation Council. By closing a number of media outlets and initiating criminal proceedings against a number of prominent individuals, Putin attempted to limit the influence of Russia's unpopular financiers and media tycoons—the so-called "oligarchs." He was confronted with a difficult situation in Chechnya, particularly from rebels who carried out guerilla attacks on Russian troops from the mountains of the region and staged terrorist attacks in Moscow; Despite the high number of casualties, the military campaign was declared over by Putin in 2002.
The US President was strongly opposed by Putin. The decision made by George W. Bush in 2001 to withdraw from the 1972 Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty. He offered the use of Russia's airspace for humanitarian deliveries and assistance in search-and-rescue operations in response to the attacks on the United States on September 11, 2001, and pledged Russia's assistance and cooperation in the U.S.-led campaign against terrorists and their allies. Nonetheless, Putin joined French President and German Chancellor Gerhard Schröder. in order to oppose British and American plans to use force to overthrow Saddam Hussein's government in Iraq, Jacques Chirac in the years 2002 and 2003.
After a prolonged recession in the 1990s, Putin easily won reelection in March 2004. He was in charge of a growing economy. In the December 2007 elections for the Russian parliament, Putin's United Russia party won an overwhelming majority of seats. Even though international observers and the Communist Party of the Russian Federation questioned the fairness of the elections, the outcomes nonetheless confirmed Putin's power. Dmitry Medvedev was chosen by Putin as his successor in 2008 due to a constitutional provision requiring his resignation.
Putin made the announcement that he had accepted the position of chairman of the United Russia party shortly after Medvedev's landslide victory in the March 2008 presidential election. Within hours of taking office on May 7, 2008, Medvedev nominated Putin as the nation's prime minister, confirming widespread expectations. The next day, the appointment was confirmed by the Russian parliament. Despite Medvedev's growing assertiveness throughout his term, Putin was still regarded as the Kremlin's primary power.
Even though some people thought Medvedev might run for a second term, he said in September 2011 that he and Putin would trade positions if United Russia wins the elections. Far and wide inconsistencies in parliamentary decisions in December 2011 set off a flood of famous dissent, and Putin confronted a shockingly solid resistance development in the official race. However, Putin was elected to a third term as Russia's president on March 4, 2012. Medvedev assumed leadership of United Russia when Putin resigned as chairman prior to his inauguration. On May 7, 2012, he was sworn in as president, and one of his first acts was to nominate Medvedev to be prime minister.
Why is Russia known as the Kremlin?
The Russian government is frequently referred to as the "Kremlin," which literally translates to "fortress within a city." In the past, it referred to the Soviet Union's highest-ranking officials—general secretaries, premiers, presidents, ministers, and commissars—and its government from 1922 to 1991.
Who was Russia's first president?
Yeltsin, Boris Nikolayevich (Russian: Борис Николаевич Ельцин, IPA: [ (listen) brjis njkla(j)vjt jeljtsn He was a Soviet and Russian politician who was first president of the Russian Federation from 1991 to 1999. He was born on February 1, 1931, and died on April 23, 2007.
How many Russian states are there?
Each of the 22 territories in the Russian Federation that make up the republics of Russia is a federal subject—the highest administrative level of Russian territory.
Who ended Stalin's rule in Russia?
Nikita Khrushchev took over as First Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (CPSU), and Georgi Malenkov became Premier of the Soviet Union after Stalin passed away in March 1953.
Who was Russia's ruler before Stalin?
Stalin initially ruled as part of a trio with Grigory Zinoviev and Lev Kamenev following Lenin's death. However, this arrangement collapsed in April 1925 as Stalin consolidated power to become the absolute dictator of the Soviet Union.
What was the original name of Russia?
The medieval state of Rus', which was primarily populated by East Slavs, is the source of the name Russia. However, in later history, the country came to be known by its proper name, and its inhabitants typically referred to it as "Rus land." Modern historiography refers to this state as Kievan Rus after its capital, Kiev.
In Russia, what is the most widely used surname?
consequently, the surname Ivanov is currently the most widely used surname in Russia and many other European nations.
What does the Russian term "Rasputin" mean?
Rasputin's genuine name was Grigory Yefimovich Novykh. He was born around 1872 in Pokrovskoye, Siberia, Russian Empire. He remained an illiterate peasant throughout his life. He was given the surname Rasputin, which translates to "debauched one" in Russian, due to his reputation for wild and licentious living.
Which nations is Russia in control of?
Territories Occupied by Russia At the moment, Russia occupies five territories in three sovereign nations nearby: Moldova, Transnistria: Ukraine's DPR, the LPE, and Crimea; and Georgia's South Ossetia and Abkhazia (not the US state, but the country that borders Russia).
Who was the Soviet Union's founder?
revolutionary Vladimir Lenin The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) was established in 1922 by a treaty between Russia, Ukraine, Belarus, and Transcaucasia (modern Georgia, Armenia, and Azerbaijan). The government was taken over by the Communist Party, which had just been formed and was led by the Marxist revolutionary Vladimir Lenin.
Which ruler of Russia outlawed slavery?
Peter the Great In Russia, slavery remained a legal institution until Peter the Great abolished it and made slaves into serfs in 1723.