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World Day Against Child Labour, observed annually on June 12, aims to raise awareness and prompt action to eliminate child labor

### World Day Against Child Labour: An Overview

#### Significance

World Day Against Child Labour, observed annually on June 12, aims to raise awareness and prompt action to eliminate child labor worldwide. It highlights the plight of child laborers and encourages governments, organizations, and individuals to work towards ending child labor and protecting children's rights to education and a safe, healthy childhood.

#### History

- **Establishment**: The International Labour Organization (ILO) launched the first World Day Against Child Labour in 2002 to focus global attention on the urgent need to eradicate child labor.

- **Global Campaign**: This day supports the broader ILO initiatives to eliminate child labor and aligns with the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), particularly SDG 8.7, which calls for the end of child labor in all its forms by 2025.

#### Objectives

1. **Raise Awareness**: Inform the public about the extent and consequences of child labor.

2. **Mobilize Action**: Encourage governments, employers, workers, civil society, and individuals to take concrete actions to end child labor.

3. **Promote Education**: Advocate for universal access to quality education and training as fundamental steps to prevent child labor.

4. **Support Policies**: Push for the implementation and enforcement of laws and policies aimed at eliminating child labor.

#### Themes

Each year, World Day Against Child Labour focuses on a specific theme to address different aspects of child labor. Recent themes have included:

- 2021: "Act now: End child labour!"

- 2020: "COVID-19: Protect children from child labour, now more than ever!"

- 2019: "Children shouldn’t work in fields, but on dreams!"

#### Facts

1. **Global Prevalence**: According to the ILO, as of 2020, approximately 160 million children (almost 1 in 10 children worldwide) are involved in child labor, with millions in hazardous work that endangers their health, safety, and moral development.

2. **Sectors**: Child labor is prevalent in agriculture (70%), services (20%), and industry (10%).

3. **Regional Distribution**: Sub-Saharan Africa has the highest incidence of child labor, followed by Asia and the Pacific.

#### Key Actions and Campaigns

1. **Education and Awareness Programs**: Organizing events, seminars, and campaigns to educate the public about the harms of child labor and the importance of education.

2. **Policy Advocacy**: Lobbying for stronger laws and enforcement mechanisms to protect children from labor exploitation.

3. **Community Engagement**: Encouraging community-level initiatives to identify and support children at risk of or involved in child labor.

4. **International Cooperation**: Promoting global partnerships and collaborations to address child labor across borders.

#### Ways to Get Involved

1. **Support Organizations**: Donate to or volunteer with organizations working to end child labor and support affected children.

2. **Raise Awareness**: Use social media platforms to share information, statistics, and personal stories to educate others about child labor issues.

3. **Advocate**: Contact local and national representatives to advocate for stronger child labor laws and policies.

4. **Educate Yourself and Others**: Learn about the causes and consequences of child labor and share this knowledge within your community.

#### Impact and Success Stories

- **Policy Changes**: Countries around the world have strengthened their laws against child labor and increased efforts to enforce them.

- **Educational Initiatives**: Many NGOs and governments have implemented programs to provide education and vocational training to former child laborers.

- **Community Programs**: Successful community-based programs have helped to reduce child labor by offering economic support to families, ensuring that children can attend school.

#### FAQs

1. **What is World Day Against Child Labour?**

It is an annual observance on June 12, organized by the ILO, to raise awareness about child labor and encourage efforts to eliminate it.

2. **Why is World Day Against Child Labour important?**

The day highlights the plight of child laborers, mobilizes action against child labor, and advocates for children's rights to education and a safe, healthy childhood.

3. **How can individuals contribute to ending child labor?**

Individuals can contribute by supporting relevant organizations, raising awareness, advocating for stronger policies, and educating themselves and their communities about the issue.

4. **What are the main causes of child labor?**

Main causes include poverty, lack of access to education, cultural factors, and economic demand for cheap labor.

In summary, World Day Against Child Labour is a crucial observance dedicated to eradicating child labor and ensuring every child's right to a safe, healthy, and educationally enriched childhood. By raising awareness, advocating for policy changes, and supporting educational initiatives, individuals and organizations can contribute to the global fight against child labor.

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